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China liberalizes rural land use to boost development [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2008-10-20 09:01:39 |Display all floors
The Communist Party of China (CPC) issued a landmark policy document on Sunday to allow farmers to "lease their contracted farmland or transfer their land use right" to boost the scale of operation for farm production and provide funds for them to start new businesses.

The Decision on Major Issues Concerning the Advancement of Rural Reform and Development was approved by the CPC Central Committee on October 12 at a plenary session.

According to the full text of the document, markets for the lease of contracted farmland and transfer of farmland use rights shall be set up and improved to allow farmers to sub-contract, lease, exchange and swap their land use rights, or joined share-holding entities with their farmland.

Such transfers of land-use rights must be voluntarily participated by farmers, with adequate payment and in accordance with the law, the CPC Central Committee said.

According to domestic law, farmland is collectively owned, but meted out to farmers in small plots in long term leasing contracts. The new measures adopted are seen by economists as a major breakthrough in land reforms initiated by late leader Deng Xiaoping 30 years ago, which will avail farmers of opportunities to conduct scale management and new business operations.

When the document was drafted, some have argued that the new policy might create a few landlords and landless farmers who will have no means for a living. And arable lands to be used for non-farming purposes, might threaten the country's food safety.

To ease such fears, the CPC Central Committee also provided in the document that the country would carry out "the most stringent farmland protection system" and urged local authorities to firmly safeguard the 1.8 billion mu (120 million hectares) minimum farmland set line.

China is facing a sharp conflict between land supply and demand. The area of arable land shrank 610,100 mu in 2007 to 1.826 billion mu, only slightly above the government's set target.

The CPC Central Committee also called on local governments to stick to "the most stringent land conservation system" to strictly control the total scale of the land used for urban development.

The government would strive to double the per-capita disposable income of rural residents from the 2008 level to more than 1200 U.S. dollars by 2020, the Party document said.
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Post time 2008-10-20 14:02:06 |Display all floors
This is a very useful policy for the formers,
goverment should stabilize the income of the farmers on the condition of the global financial crisis.

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Post time 2008-10-20 15:01:26 |Display all floors

Uncertain

China has too many farmers and rich land is very limited, so every rural family can just get a small plot of land, which large scale farming is not applicable here
This policy may be helpful in making industrialized farming plausible
But i worry that many poor farmers may loose their land after they sell their land use rights and have nothing left .Most famer uprisings in history can be attributed to the loss of land.
The Sun rises every day from the East !

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Post time 2008-10-20 15:09:38 |Display all floors
Originally posted by wanzheli at 2008-10-20 15:01
China has too many farmers and rich land is very limited, so every rural family can just get a small plot of land, which large scale farming is not applicable here
This policy may be helpful in m ...


perhaps the farmers can be workers/co-owners of a huge conglomerate
What's on your mind now........ooooooooooooooo la la....Kind Regards

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Post time 2008-10-20 17:06:48 |Display all floors
the policy is useful for famers

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Post time 2008-10-20 17:31:23 |Display all floors
Some posters must now eat their hats.
"Justice prevails... evil justice."

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Post time 2008-10-20 18:25:43 |Display all floors

Reply #3 wanzheli's post

Agreed. Maybe it's not such a good idea if some rich factory owner can come, pay a lot of money and get them to transfer the rights of land usage to build a factory that can pollute and destroy arable land, as well as providing jobs. Yes, this'd boost the local economy and also farmers incomes, but the environmental costs, not to mention loss of agriculture, would be too harmful to China on the whole so maybe legislation should be introduced that prohibits this.
#4; they tried that in the USSR and PRC before and it didn't work properly. What makes you think it'd work now?

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