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这样翻译对吗? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2008-8-23 21:42:43 |Display all floors
在新概念一册中,有句话是这样:
It's not you, is it?
That's right.

课文翻译: 这不是你,对吗?
           不,是我。

我觉得下面应该反翻译成:是的,不是我。

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Post time 2008-8-24 21:53:15 |Display all floors
Originally posted by james3820 at 2008-8-23 21:42
在新概念一册中,有句话是这样:
It's not you, is it?
That's right.

课文翻译: 这不是你,对吗?
           不,是我。

我觉得下面应该反翻译成:是的,不是我。



楼主正解。
===========================
反意疑问句是在陈述句后边加上一个简短问句,对陈述句所叙述的内容提出相反的疑问,这种句子就叫作反意疑问句。反意疑问句可以表示真实的疑问,也可以表示提问人的倾向、强调或反问。如果陈述句是肯定句时,后边的反意疑问句通常要用否定式;反之,如果陈述句是否定句时,后边的反意疑问句通常要用肯定式。陈述句和后边的反意疑问句的主语以及谓语动词的人称、数、时态通常要保持一致。例如:

  He speaks English, doesn't he?

  Mary won't do it, will she?

  Lies cannot cover up the facts, can they?

  回答反意疑问句和回答一般疑问句一样,肯定回答用"Yes, +肯定结构";否定回答用"No, +否定结构"。这与汉语习惯有所不同。例如:

  -He's a doctor, isn't he?他是医生,对吧?

  -Yes, he is.对,他是医生。(No, he isn't.不,他不是医生。)

  -He isn't a doctor, is he?他不是医生,对吧?

  -Yes, he is.不,他是医生。(No, he isn't.对,他不是医生。)

  在使用反意疑问句时,特别要注意以下几点:

  1.当动词have作"有"讲时,可以有两种反意疑问句形式。例如:

  He hasn't any sisters, has he?

  He doesn't have any sisters, does he?

  当have表示其它含义(如:经历、遭受、得到、吃……)讲时,只有一种反意疑问句形式:

  You all had a good time, didn't you?

  He often has colds, doesn't he?

  They had milk and bread for breakfast, didn't they?

  2.如果陈述句的谓语动词含有have to, had to时,反意疑问句通常用其适当形式。例如:

  We have to get there at 8 a.m. tomorrow, don't we?

  They had to take the early train, didn't they?

  3. need和dare既可以作情态动词,又可以作实义动词,注意有两种反意疑问句形式。例如:

  You needn't hand in your paper today, need you?

  You don't need to hand in your paper today, do you?

  He dare ask the teacher, daren't he?

  He doesn't dare to ask the teacher, does he?

  4.如果陈述句的谓语动词含有used to时,也可以有两种反意疑问句形式。例如:

  He used to live in London, usedn't/ didn't he?

  5.如果陈述句中出现never, seldom, hardly, scarely, rarely, few, little, nobody, no one, nothing等含有否定意义的词时,反意疑问句通常要用肯定式。例如:

  She seldom goes to the concert, does she?

  He has few good reasons for staying, has he?

  6.如果陈述句中的主语是不定式短语、动名词短语、从句、everything或nothing时,反意疑问句通常要用it作主语。例如:

  To sell/ Selling newspaper was his job, wasn't it?

  What he said is true, isn't it?

  Everything is all right, isn't it?

  7.如果陈述句中的主语是不定代词everybody, everyone, somebody, someone, nobody, no one, each of等时,反意疑问句通常要用they或he作主语。例如:

  Somebody borrowed my bike, didn't they/ he?

  Each of them passed the exam, didn't they?

  No one was hurt, was he/were they?

  8.如果陈述句用"I am"时,反意疑问句通常要用"aren't I?"。例如:

  I'm late, aren't I?

  9.如果陈述句是含有宾语从句的复合句式,反意疑问句的主语以及谓语动词的人称、数、时态通常要与主句保持一致。例如:

  He never said that he would come, did he?

  I told that not everyone could do it, didn't I?

  但是,如果陈述句是"I don't think (believe, suppose, imagine等)含有宾语从句的复合句式",反意疑问句的主语以及谓语动词的人称、数、时态通常要和从句保持一致,并且要用肯定式。例如:

  I don't think the lady can complete the difficult job alone, can she?

  I don't believe he knows it, does he?

  10.如果陈述句是含有"there be"结构时,反意疑问句要用there,省去主语代词。例如:

  There is something wrong with your computer, isn't there?

  There won't be any trouble, will there?

  11.如果陈述句的谓语是wish时,反意疑问句的谓语动词通常要用may。例如:

  I wish to visit your school, may I?

  12.如果陈述句是并列句,反意疑问句的主语以及谓语动词的人称、数、时态通常要与第二个分句保持一致。例如:

  Tom isn't a good student, for it is the second time he has been late this week, isn't it?

[ Last edited by jepenseatoi at 2008-8-24 09:56 PM ]
  Live and Love.

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Post time 2008-8-25 16:04:01 |Display all floors
翻译成“是的,不是我。 ”意思是对的,但听起来比较别扭。
可以译为:对,不是我。

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