- Registration time
- Last login
- Online time
- 13 Hour
- Reading permission
Originally posted by yasawakic at 2008-8-20 20:36
n France, democracy came in 1789 thanks to POOR Peoples.
Please check wiki " French revolution."
But adherents of most historical models identify many of the same features of the Ancien Régime as being among the causes of the Revolution. Economic factors included:
Louis XV fought many wars, bringing France to the verge of bankruptcy, and Louis XVI supported the colonists during the American Revolution, exacerbating the precarious financial condition of the government. The national debt amounted to almost 2 billion livres. The social burdens caused by war included the huge war debt, made worse by the monarchy's military failures and ineptitude, and the lack of social services for war veterans.
An inefficient and antiquated financial system unable to manage the national debt, both caused and exacerbated by the burden of a grossly inequitable system of taxation.
The continued conspicuous consumption of the noble class, especially the court of Louis XVI and Marie-Antoinette at Versailles, despite the financial burden on the populace.
High unemployment and high bread prices, causing more money to be spent on food and less in other areas of the economy.
The Roman Catholic Church, the largest landowner in the country, which levied a tax on crops known as the dime or tithe. While the dîme lessened the severity of the monarchy's tax increases, it worsened the plight of the poorest who faced a daily struggle with malnutrition.
Widespread famine and malnutrition, which increased the likelihood of disease and death, and intentional starvation in the most destitute segments of the population in the months immediately before the Revolution. The famine extended even to other parts of Europe, and was not helped by a poor transportation infrastructure for bulk foods. (Some researchers have also attributed the widespread famine to an El Niño effect, or colder climate of the little ice age combined with France's failure to adopt the potato as a staple crop)
The Ideals: Declaration of Human Rights (1789).No internal trade and too many customs barriers
There were also social and political factors, many of which involved resentments and aspirations given focus by the rise of Enlightenment ideals:
Resentment of royal absolutism.
Resentment by the ambitious professional and mercantile classes towards noble privileges and dominance in public life, many of whom were familiar with the lives of their peers in commercial cities in The Netherlands and Great Britain.
Resentment by peasants, wage-earners, and the bourgeoisie toward the traditional seigneurial privileges possessed by nobles.
Resentment of clerical privilege (anti-clericalism) and aspirations for freedom of religion, and resentment of aristocratic bishops by the poorer rural clergy.
Continued hatred for Catholic control and influence on institutions of all kinds, by the large Protestant minorities.
Aspirations for liberty and (especially as the Revolution progressed) republicanism.
Anger toward the King for firing Jacques Necker and A.R.J. Turgot (among other financial advisors), who were popularly seen as representatives of the people.
Finally, perhaps above all, was the almost total failure of Louis XVI and his advisors to deal effectively with any of these problems
With all this factors, it would be ridiculous that people would let "noble" contorl the government.
BTW, the prosperity in 19centuries was built on the cheap labor from colony and exploited the treasure from other countries like Vietnam and China. It can be hardly classified as "prosperity with freedom"