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anyway, back to my arguments on this whole point of China entering the next stage of it's development...|
In Britain, an act of Parliament of 1689 that established Parliament as the primary governing body of the country. It made provisions limiting royal prerogative (the right to act independently of Parliament) with respect to legislation, executive power, money levies, courts, and the army, and stipulated Parliament's consent to many government functions.
The Bill of Rights embodied the Declaration of Rights which contained the conditions on which William and Mary were offered the throne in the Glorious Revolution. The act made illegal the suspension of laws by royal authority without Parliament's consent; the power to dispense with laws; the establishment of special courts of law; levying money by royal prerogative without Parliament's consent; and the maintenance of a standing army in peacetime without Parliament's consent. It also asserted a right to petition the sovereign, freedom of parliamentary elections, freedom of speech in parliamentary debates, and the necessity of frequent parliaments.
The Bill of Rights is the nearest approach to a written constitution that the United Kingdom possesses. Its provisions, where applicable, were incorporated in the US constitution ratified in 1788.
This was significant in the world, as it established the first rule of law allowing rights of the people of a country (of a major country, it was already happening in a few smaller European countries) In particular a court system completely free of corruption. This is all to do with this argument about Europe being more developed back in the day. What all of this promoted in Europe was competition and trade amongst the people, causing Britain to flourish and become the richest nation in the world, as compared to all the stagnant controlling empires around the world who remained stagnant in order to keep the people from having any rights. This kicked of agriculture and the industrial revolution.
They say that a sign of a developed country is that instead of a grand palace in the centre of their city they have a market. So there's the answer China, turn the Forbidden city into a marketplace!