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Ten Signs You're Being Bullied At Work|
Allison Van Dusen 03.24.08, 12:00 PM ET
Chances are if you work with others, you’ll be bullied at some point in your career.
In the U.S., where the practice is being studied, an estimated 37% of workers, or about 54 million people, have been bullied at the office, or repeatedly mistreated in a health-harming way, according to a 2007 Zogby International survey. The percentage balloons to 49% of workers, 71.5 million people, when witnesses are included.
The problem is, however, unless you're at the receiving end of severe abuse, you're unlikely to realize it.
Experts say there's a general lack of awareness about the bullying and the types of behaviors the term encompasses. This often prevents people from realizing that a boss or co-worker is a bully. There's also an element of personal shame involved.
"They're sinking into a really bad state emotionally, finding it harder to go to work and it might even affect their job performance," says David Yamada, a professor at Suffolk University Law School and president of the New Workplace Institute, a nonprofit that promotes healthy, productive and socially responsible workplaces. "Oftentimes people don't put the pieces together until it's too late."
While hard to quantify, workplace bullying is clearly costly for employees as well as employers.
About 45% of individuals targeted by bullies at work suffer stress-related health problems, according to the Zogby survey. That could include cardiovascular problems, an impaired immune system, debilitating anxiety and even post-traumatic stress disorder, says Gary Namie, director of the Workplace Bullying Institute and president of Work Doctor, a consulting firm that specializes in correcting and preventing workplace bullying.
根据Zogby调查，由“暴力者”当成目标的大约45%的个人遭受了工作压力相关的健康问题。而这些问题可能包括心脏血管问题--一种免疫系统受损;衰弱型焦虑甚至创伤后压力心理障碍症.这是职场暴力学院及专门从事纠正和防止职场暴力的咨询公司Work Doctor主任Gary Namie的话。
Companies pay in employee turnover, employee absenteeism and, to a small extent, workers' compensation claims. Bullies can tarnish an organization's reputation and ability to recruit, since word gets around when employees are miserable and leaving in droves.
New research by University of Manitoba's M. Sandy Hershcovis and Julian Barling, of Queen's University in Ontario, also shows that workplace bullying is hurting employees more than sexual harassment--causing more job stress, less job commitment and higher levels of anxiety.
最新由位于安大略女王大学的Julian Barling、及位于曼尼托巴M. Sandy Hershcovis的研究同样表明职场暴力给员工造成的伤害大于性骚扰--这引起了更多工作压力、更少工作投入及更高焦虑。
Yamada and the Workplace Bullying Institute have been promoting state legislation that asks employers to address the issue and give victims legal recourse, which they currently only have if the bullying is related to a protected status, such as race. But critics counter that such legislation creates a serious liability risk for companies.