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1. Most days I don't worry about voice.
It's like worrying about whether you're tall enough or not. You may be too short for your pleasure, sure, but what can you do about it, aside from high heels? It's like analyzing your personality. If you're morose overall, are you going to start telling jokes? If everyone thinks of you as quiet, are you going to talk a lot until everyone forgets that quiet person you really are? If you write with honesty (see last month's column), you're likely to be spilling out a voice whether you know it or not. Write, and they will come.
2. write like you talk
Write like you talk. It really can be that simple. Say something. Then write it. Use a tape recorder if you want. When you're done, read what you wrote, aloud. If it sounds stilted or wooden, stop for a moment. Think about what you're trying to say. Say it aloud. Then write it down.
真地就那么简单。 说些话然后写下来。 如果愿意，可以用到一个录音机。 写完了，念一念写下的东西-大声地。如果听上去矫揉造作或呆板，就停一下。想想自己会如何来说。大声念出来；然后记下来。
3. When I find myself in times of trouble, Mother Mary comes to me.
Let it be. Actually, the person who comes to me is my late friend, Robert Lee. As I mentioned in the previous column, he said the writer or artist "cannot know what he or she's doing. And the more people let themselves be bugged about 'Art,' the more trouble they make for themselves.
随之而去。 事实上，我想到的是一位已故朋友Robert Lee. 正如我在过去提到，他说过作家或艺术家”不可能去了解自己正在干什么。 人们越让自己被“艺术”这个词所烦恼，就会给自己制造出更多的麻烦。
In other words, let your passion and what you're trying to say guide you. Don't try to be who you're not. Lee added, "I think you must follow the urge, follow yourself, follow the child within you, do the Joe Campbell bit: 'Follow your bliss.' Follow the implantations from your senses. We're constantly having transplants of ideas. The big thing today is organ transplants, but we're also discovering renewed spiritual health through the transplantation of ideas. This is an even more spectacular advance because it's the way nations change. Think of the transition from feudalism to the Enlightenment. The key was there. The key was turned. The door opened. The artists entered.
"换言之，让你的激情和你要说的内容来指引你。 不要努力做你不是的人。Lee 说:"我想必须跟随冲动；跟随自己；跟随一颗童心。学一点Joe Campbell的方法：“跟随你的赐福”；跟谁感官直觉。我们不断有“思想”移植。 如今热门的事物是器官移植，但是，我们通过“思想”移植发现了焕然一新的灵魂健康。 这是一个更为灿烂的进步。因为这就是国家改变的方式，想想从封建制度过度到启迪时期吧。 钥匙在那里；钥匙被转动；门打开了；艺术家进去了。
4.Writing is entertainment.
Another writer with a practical sense about him is novelist John Berendt (Midnight at the Garden of Good and Evil) who, in a list of 10 suggestions, includes this advice: "Think of writing, even the most serious writing, as a medium of entertainment. I mean entertainment in the broadest sense: engaging the reader's mind and keeping the reader interested. What good is a piece of writing, however brilliant, if nobody reads it all the way through? Always ask yourself, 'Are they still paying attention?'" In other words, if you concern yourself with the reader more than concerning yourself with you ("Let's talk about me") then you're subconsciously working on a good voice. This also suggests that "voice" can be tweaked. If you realize you're not funny enough or interesting enough, you can go back and rewrite. Rewrite. Writing is about rewriting.
另一位对自己有现实感的作家John Berendt。在他的10条建议中就包括了这条建议：“把写作--即便最为严肃的写作都去当作是一种娱乐行为。我是指广义上的：去吸引读者，保持读者感兴趣。 如果一篇文章不论多么精彩但是每人愿意读完，那么它又有何价值呢？永远问自己：”读者还会在注意吗？“换言之，如果你对读者的关心程度超过了对自己的关注程度（”来说说我吧“），那么你就会潜意识地使用一副好声音。这还暗示出”声音“是可以改善的。如果你意识到自己不够好笑的；或者足够有趣的话，那么你能返回重写。
5. Everyone sees the world through his or her own specialty.
A novelist I know went on a blind date with an optometrist (built-in irony!), and she not only suggested new glasses for him, but after the movie they saw, she spoke about which actors had contacts or needed glasses. He spoke about the film in literary terms, of its "character arc" and "turning points." Their specialties made them see the film in different ways.
When my wife and I were on our honeymoon in Denmark, we attended a Mid-Summer Night celebration (the first day of summer, the longest day for sunlight). As we were walking back from the big bonfire, still dusk at 10 p.m., I happened to be talking with a physicist, who was smiling about the fire and said how simple the universe was. Everything—my shirt, the moon, the fire we just witnessed—all could be reduced to the elements of the periodic chart. To him, the fire was all about atoms arranged a certain way. To me, the fire was about the drama of neighborhood people throwing a figure of a human onto a furnace fueled by wood. In other words, we each carry our voice with us.
6. "Finding the right voice will help you write better than you ever thought yourself capable of writing." say author Ken MacRorie in
Telling Writing. And how do you find that voice? "There is nothing so good as feeling to control actions… If you can find the feeling that belongs to a piece of writing you want to create, then the composing may be accomplished almost without your help, and it will be true in tone, and compelling."
He's saying there's an instinct that takes control if you allow yourself to let your words flow. Remember, there is no bad first draft. Let yourself make mistakes—you can fix them later—but in letting yourself go, you'll also come up with material that surprises you.
他的意思是如果你让自己的文字流动；就能发现一个发挥支配的本能。 记住：不存在不好的第一遍稿。 让自己犯错误--你能后面再修改--但是，让自己顺其自然，你就会写出给自己带来吃惊的内容。
Let yourself go as in dancing. If you concentrate on every step when you dance, your rhythm will be artificial (if you have rhythm at all).
Feel the music and move with it. Feel the rhythm of words, feel the poetry pull at you. Let out a haiku. Put in some alliteration. The sound is around you. Let go. Let it be. Type. Flow. Boom. That's it.
感觉音乐；跟着翩翩起舞。 感觉文字的节奏；感觉拨动了心弦的那首诗。放声诗歌；加入一些头韵。 有声音在包围着你、去释放、去顺其自然、流动--轰隆一声就成功了。
[ Last edited by hly_2009 at 2008-3-3 01:49 AM ]