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first of all I dont think I can really argue such a hypotheitcal and basically open position that leaves ground for any one to argue anything they wish in a scientific frontier that modern science has yet to scratch the surface of, and an even far greater mystery is the human brain, and how it relates to physical ancestory, and thus, My position and original pst offers far more detailed insight and meat for study than this braindead thing you posted, but whatever, if you want me to explain it further than that, here it goes..|
it important to offer operational distinctions between
race and ethnicity because they are terms that characterize
people in different ways.
RACE and ETHNICITY characterizes people in DIFFERENT WAYS
i dont see how that relates to anything I said other than reaffirming some universal knowledge
and how and why people label things under Race vz. Ethnicity is pretty much at the discretion of the user..
Ethnicity has been defined in
many ways but typically describes membership based on
identity, solidarity, and difference felt by members of a
group, particularly a national, regional, or racial group.
typically.. and whatever... according to this writer, whose entire article seems to be redefining Race and Ethnicity as being seperate
Here we present a brief genetic perspective on the
concept, (of ethnicity and race) which will be facilitated if a clear terminological
distinction is first made between genetic loci and genetic
alleles. Our particular concern is with polymorphic
genes—genes that exist in alternative forms called alleles.
oooh loci and alleles, central most in any conversation concerning something which may or may not be related to something we dont even comprehend the scope of
Our particular concern is with polymorphic
genes—genes that exist in alternative forms called alleles.
alleles are polymorphic Genes, or genes which also exist in alternate forms.. which forms? there isnt even much known about it
A locus is a position on a chromosome that can be occupied
by an allele of a gene.
Loci is plural of Locus, the location on the chromosome which MAY be occupied by an Allele
By virtue of possessing paired
chromosomes..... each individual has two of
or two loci
Thus, discussions of genetic differences among
individuals refer to their specific configurations of alleles at
the loci under examination.
so, humans have 2 loci, 2 places which may (also) be occupied by an allele of a gene, or a gene tht exists in different forms, i.e... not the same form
each individual human being’s genetic con-
figuration (genotype) is unique. [quote]
... everyones different... these are arent rocket scientists are they
[quote]The disciplines of quantitative
genetics and population genetics are concerned with
issues of describing and explaining this enormous genetic
diversity among individuals and the extent to which populations
may differ in their genetic parameters.
2 "disciplines" or people with ideas they firmly believe and are trying to explain away.. which in fact are concerned more with the similarities of groups of peoples and the way those groups of peoples differ from other groups of peoples
include the dynamic processes such as mutation,
differential fitness, differential reproduction, and migration
that affect stability and change in allelic frequencies within
and between populations.[quote]
dynamic processes of mutation,
differential fitness, differential reproduction, and migration doesnt state a whole lot of anything at all, except maybe migration having an effect on Alleles, which is in that disciplines belief as a possibility, but in reality is just their Science, and not universal truth, but even if migration of peoples could change Alleles over thousands of generations, then it would just reinforce the differences I stated
[quote] It includes shared traditions that are “historically derived”
and a sense of descent.
in addition to dynamic proccesses apparently.. in their own fantasy world of Science the "sense" of people has something to do with their genetic make-up..
Ethnicity is viewed as involving
more group identification that includes individual trajectories
of immigration, history, and language
generally, sometimes, maybe, perhaps, just really means it INVOLVES MORE DETAILS ABOUT THE PERSON IN QUESTION.
Race is typically viewed as being based on biological differentiations
The markers for these differences are typically
considered genetic in origin.
excluding differentiations which The disciplines of quantitative
genetics and population genetics seem to feel ARE gentetic in origin, but what they mean by that is that it is commonly accepted by modern opinion and science that those are genetic differences, exculding the extremely vast and very new frontier of DNA mapping and Blueprinting
and all that is "typically" labelled Race
Original definitions of racial categories suggested
three main groups Caucasoid, Negroid, and Mongoloid.
a long long time ago... 3 races is not possible, and was based on the eyes perception of people
The problem with these categorizations has been and continues
to be the identification of enough genes responsible
for unique relationships within these groups. The results
from these attempts often contradict each other, which is an
indication of the difficulty in making scientific classifications
of race (Cavalli-Sforza, 2000).
ok great, thats a step forward for all humanity, MANY moe groups and classifications are required... NOT grouping everyone into 1 category as YOU would like to do
“a group of individuals
in a species showing closer genetic relationships
within the group than to members of other such groups”
that kind of comment sounds like what a monkey would say if he could talk
A useful metric in this context is that of genetic
distance, one variant of which is the probability that a
randomly selected allele from one population will be identical
to another allele selected from the same population
relative to the probability that it will be identical to one
selected from a different population (see, e.g., Hartl &
1997 was a long long time ago
today everything is about Gene Sequencing..
Clearly, a genetic categorization of races is
todays science is supporting everything I have said, not contradicting it
and you will see new gene sequences advancing further to further identify and classify people of a certain indentity, and mis identifying people through modern stereotyping techniques will completely vanish as Gene Sequencing is perfected
racial classification schemes consist of many races with small
interracial distances, whereas others identify only a few
groups with larger intergroup distances.
Chinese has many smaller ethnic groups under the Chinese Race.. Polynesia is a Different race from Melanesia and Micronesia, and within Polynesia there are the Tongan people, the Samoan, the Hawaiian people, the Marquesan, Maori, Tahitian, etc..
whatever you posted didnt really help to support any claim.. perhaps it was a reply to the other poster?