The trend in India has been of liberalization, but the result of the drive to embrace globalization has been mixed.
Which is a shame, as more people there speak better English than what we see in China, which has been more successful.
The Indians still maintain a rigid caste system in identifying among themselves. While they sport a large well educated, high tech middle class, most of them are snobs who see their skills including English speaking as cultural capital to maintain social elevation with and keep out the riffraff.
Universalization of tertiary education and economic opportunities is a major issue confronting the Congress party.