Author: changabula

What the British did to Africa [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2009-1-3 09:17:03 |Display all floors
If you’re looking for the origins of Kenya’s ethnic tensions, look to its colonial past

-- African historian Caroline Elkins
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Post time 2009-1-3 09:18:19 |Display all floors
To Understand the Crisis in Kenya, Know the British Empire
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Post time 2009-1-3 09:30:35 |Display all floors
Kenya Crisis: A Piece Of Advice To US And British Imperialism

Throughout the 2007 election campaigns in Kenya, the general demeanor of the United States Ambassador to Kenya Mr. Michael Ranneberger suggested that the US government was strongly behind Raila Amollo Odinga for Kenya’s Presidency.

It was therefore utterly petrifying to experience Ambassador Ranneberger congratulate robber Mwai Kibaki minutes after the old man stole the vote in full view of both local and International media. While still at Kenyatta International Conference Center, the crime scene, the Ambassador proceeded to urge Kenyans “to accept the results” and seriously advised ODM leaders to go to court if they were not satisfied with the results.

But that was before the outbreak of macabre violence across the country, merciless slaughter of civilians from both sides and wanton destruction of property as ODM supporters took to the streets in protest. Realizing that they were standing on the wrong side of the conflict, the US government quickly withdrew its congratulatory message to Kibaki as the Ambassador hurried to shift positions to the effect that the elections were dogged by “irregularities during the tallying process”, irregularities which, he said, needed to be addressed.

The Ambassador knew that the vote had been stolen. In fact, the Molo vote was stolen in his very presence at KICC. Despite hard facts and evidence from his European colleagues that showed that Kibaki had rigged elections, the US continued to tell Raila to “talk to Kibaki” to find some kind of political settlement.

A government of National Unity was proposed together with the option of a Coalition government. Even US government Intelligence agencies did not alert the Ambassador that after the hurried congratulatory note to Kibaki by the US State Department, the US Ambassador to Kenya had lost the confidence of ODM leaders while trust in US government’s ability to resolve the crisis had also been undermined in the eyes of ODM supporters who were fighting the war in the streets. Subsequent appearances on Kenya TV stations by the Ambassador were seen as theatre.

Jendayi Frazer, top American diplomat, was jetted in to repair the damage. Unfortunately, she was never briefed that Kibaki had betrayed a deal of a Coalition government with Raila’s Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) soon after Raila campaigned for Kibaki and made him President with his famous “Kibaki Tosha” declaration.

Frazer was also not updated that Kibaki abused a “Government of National Unity” he created with KANU and Ford People soon after LDP walked away from the National Rainbow Coalition (Narc) government. As Frazer drummed the Unity and Coalition government options as a solution to the crisis, little did she know that she was beating the drums to people whose mind set was shifting to “Mass action” as a solution.


As if that wasn’t enough, the thick-headedness of the American government was played out in its doomed strategy based on the robbed talking to the robber for a share of the stolen property under the terms of the robber with Government of National Unity or Coalition government acting as a platform for negotiations. Kenyans were being told that they could have a new version of democracy where the winner plays the under dog and the big looser calls the shots. It was an insult to the intelligence of Kenyans and African people.

In the end, the Ambassador failed while Frazer returned home empty handed, quietly and without the pomp and publicity that greeted her arrival. In the meantime, the violence, the killings and the shooting by police continued.

From the behavior and actions of the Americans, the Bush administration was largely viewed by ODM to be on the side of some “power sharing deal” which was not selling. Why didn’t the Americans come out forcefully to denounce Kibaki and to tell him to step down especially after massive evidence emerged that Kibaki had rigged elections?

The answer is that Americans are not comfortable with Raila as President of Kenya. Raila had declared that if he seizes power, no Kenyan Muslim will be taken to Guantanamo to be persecuted after being picked from Kenya on suspicion of terrorism. For the Americans, a Raila Presidency carries with it the risk of loosing Kenya as a play ground where their Security and Intelligence services  can conduct operations, make investigations, arrest Kenyans at will in the name of fighting terrorism and take them away like captured rats for further investigation away from Kenya where they begin to be referred to as “Enemy combatants”.

The US felt safer with Kibaki who has allowed them free access to all corners of Kenya including the Port of Mombasa which has virtually become American territory. American and British solders routinely play “War games” in North Eastern province where they are known to rape and impregnate young girls at will. In fact, Mombasa is the ultimate “Sex resort” of American solders known for preying on underage girls in exchange for dollars as the Kenyan government looks the other way.

From the pattern of vote casting, Kenyans voted out an old, pre-independence generation of politicians including Kibaki who entered Parliament in 1963. His Octogenarian Vice president was also kicked out.

ODM is a team of a young generation of hot-blooded Kenyans not so much bound by imperialist concerns. The implication here is that the US government is committed to maintaining the Status quo where the old guard has been ruling and playing ball to ensure that the political, economic and strategic interests of American imperialism are safe guarded. To let in a group of new comers led by “A Communist” Odinga is the last development the US government wanted in Kenya. In congratulating Kibaki in the face of rigged elections, could the US government have been afraid of a “generational change” in Kenya’s political leadership?


The immature position of the US government has greatly backfired because it has reduced to almost zero the ability of the US government to play a role or even influence events in the current crisis.

Mass action called by ODM will be a major destabilizing force to the Kenyan economy which Kibaki needs to hang on to power. However, the biggest loser will be Western Imperialism also responsible for the ultimate milking of the country resources through multinational companies, unfair terms of trade, political control, unequal lending terms through economic weapons like IMF and World Bank, support of dictators like Moi and now Kibaki and exploitation of the country’s natural and human resources.

If the leading Imperialist countries in Kenya – United States and Britain - cannot take a clear stand that is in line with the popular aspiration of millions of Kenyans who voted for change, they will continue to become irrelevant in the search for solutions to the crisis.

If these countries are in need of serious advice, a recounting or tallying of the vote has become outdated because of tampering by the fake government and other malpractices. The option of a Government of National Unity or a Coalition government between the robbed and the robber is as dead as a dodo.

What is selling is that Kibaki should step down. If the Britons and the Americans are wise enough, they should be calling for a re-run of the Presidential vote. They should also change their syntax and replace the phrase “There were irregularities during the tallying process” with “The votes were clearly stolen by Kibaki who should step down”.

If there is anybody who should be “talking to one another”, it is the Brits and the Yankees who should be discussing the horrendous mistakes they made soon after vote stealing in Kenya as they prepare to make amends which could sound more appealing to the Kenyan voters who feel cheated and who are paying with life and blood to try and reverse the process.

Both Britain and their Yankee counterparts should begin to view and accept Raila as President of Kenya if they want to be on the safe side because the issue is not going away “as had been expected”.

At least, the Brits are showing the way because they have made the first step and said that they do not recognize Kibaki’s government. That is the stuff ODM supporters (who control the streets) would like to hear because it is the way forward.

Okoth Osewe
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Post time 2009-1-3 09:40:12 |Display all floors
The "Civilized" British and their Atrocities in Kenya:

The Empire would not be deterred. From 1952-1960, they
regularly killed, beat, humiliated, and tortured Africans, in
their interrogation sessions (which they eupphemistically
called screenings), in their detention camps, and in their prisons.
Africans rounded up were castrated, had their eyeballs
removed, their brains splattered on the ground, and killed in a
variety of ways, including being beaten to death with sticks
and clubs.

Elkins recounts a report from a survivor of these camps:
“The askaris [guards] then put his head in a bucket of
water and lifted his legs high in the air so he was upside
down. That’s when Wagithundia, who was the painfully ugly
guard from Tanganyika, started cramming sand in Peterson’s
anus, and stuffed it in with a stick. The other askaris would
put water in, then more sand and Wathundia kept cramming
it in with a stick. They kept doing this back and forth, alternating
between sand and water, occasionally lifting Peterson
so he could breathe. Mapiga, the Mzungu [European] officer
in charge of the camp, was standing there the whole time,
ordering them to keep shoving the sand and water and stick
in his anus. Eventually, they finished with Peterson and carried
him off, only to start on the next detainee in the compound.”

A white settler, known as Dr. Bunny, was called the Joseph
Mengele of Kenya, in reference to the infamous Nazi
doctor who conducted “medical experiments” on his Jewish
captives. Dr. Bunny’s exploits “included burning the skin off
live Mau Mau suspects and forcing them to eat their own testicles.”

Margaret, a victim of the so-called screening procedure,
was interviewed by Elkins in preparation for her book. Her
report of the treatment she received provides a chilling picture
of the bestiality practiced under British military rule: “I was
badly whipped, while naked. They didn’t care that I had just
given birth. . . . Apart from the beatings, women used to have
banana leaves and flowers inserted into their vaginas and rectums,
as well as have their breast squeezed with a pair of pliers;
after which a woman would say everything because of
the pain. . . . [E]ven the men had their testicles squeezed with
pliers to make them confess!”

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Post time 2009-1-3 10:26:06 |Display all floors


Western gold mine employees earn large salaries in this country.They live in separate colonies and do
not mix with the people they are plundering.The locals live in terrible poverty with the most rudimentary
education,medical and general infrastructure systems.They get nothing from the exploitation of
their own natural  resources.And the same happens everywhere in Africa.

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Post time 2009-1-14 03:40:19 |Display all floors
Thabo Mbeki

In a speech, the South African President delivered a scathing attack on some of Britain's most decorated figures such as Winston Churchill, calling them racists who had ravaged Africa and blighted its post-colonial development.
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Post time 2009-1-14 03:40:48 |Display all floors
Address of by President of South Africa, Thabo Mbeki, to the Parliament of the Republic of Uganda, Kampala, 13 December 2005

Honourable Speaker of Parliament
Your Excellency, the President of the Republic of Uganda, Yoweri Museveni
Honourable Ministers and Deputy Ministers
Honourable Members of Parliament
Distinguished guests
Ladies and gentlemen

Thank you very much for this opportunity and privilege to address the Parliament of the Republic of Uganda. I am honoured to bring you warm greetings from the government and people of South Africa.

The people of South Africa wish to thank you and through you, the public representatives of the people of Uganda, their brothers and sisters in this country for the sacrifice, solidarity and support given to us during the difficult period of the struggle against apartheid. Although far from the borders of our country, you did not hesitate to act for the eradication of the apartheid crime against humanity.

Indeed, in our time of need you allowed the cadres of our liberation movement the African National Congress and especially our military combatants of Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK) to be housed in camps in Uganda. For this, the people of South Africa owe you a debt of gratitude.

In this regard, we are deeply touched by your preparedness to erect a monument in honour of our heroes and heroines who used Uganda as a rear base. I am happy that the South African Ministries of Defence and Public Works are working closely with the government of Uganda to finalise details on this matter.

You supported us in this extraordinary manner because you were clearly inspired by the correct belief that Ugandans could not fully enjoy their freedom knowing that their own brothers and sisters continued to endure oppression, repression and state terrorism simply because of the colour of their skin.

Because of your solidarity and generosity in housing the cadres of our liberation movement and contributing in other ways to our struggle for national emancipation, today we are free and share another trench in the new war against the twin enemies of poverty and underdevelopment.

Indeed, we are not surprised that despite your own pressing challenges, you took the decision to support our liberation struggle because the Ugandans, just like South Africans, come from the people who endured and survived wars, tragedies, divisions, the subterfuge and arrogance of colonialists who used all manner of mechanisations to take over our countries, drain our rich African resources and exploit our labour for their own development.

As if that was not enough, the people of Uganda and South Africa, together with the rest of the African continent, have been subjected to a long season of systematic distortion and destruction of everything African.

When the British formally gazetted Buganda as a British Protectorate on 19 June 1894, it was 242 years after Jan Van Riebeeck claimed part of modern Cape Town in South Africa as a Dutch territory in 1652.

Yet, despite the interval of more than two centuries, the settlers used almost the same methods in conquering the vast tracks of land in our two countries. Through the combination of bogus treaties, fake agreements and brutal wars, the native populations of Uganda and South Africa were robbed of their land, cattle and other livestock.

In this regard, as Honourable Members are aware, Colonel Colville entered into these fake treaties with the Kingdom of Buganda but when the Bunyoro people under their ruler, Kabarega, refused to agree to a similar treaty, they were subjected to a horrendous military campaign. After Kabarega was defeated, the malevolence of colonialism followed the Bunyoro people as famine and disease attacked them and destroyed many of these African heroes.

Two-hundred years before the defeat of the Bunyoro people, the Khoi people of South Africa, in the southern tip of the continent, experienced a more deadly devastation after initially resisting the aggressive wars of the Dutch only to become almost extinct from the curse of diseases brought by the colonists, especially small pox.

(Bunyoro story see 'Forging of an African Nation, P10, GSK Ibingira)

In both our countries the colonialists used the tactics of divide and rule, imprisonment and exile, economic exploitation and political oppression. In different ways, our people were subjected to some horrendous tyranny all the way into the 1980s, Uganda suffering the effects of neo-colonialism and South Africa under a peculiar system of colonialism of a special type.

That the people of this country have overcome the destruction wrought by the dictatorship of Idi Amin that nearly destroyed this country is an achievement of which all Africans should be proud.

Indeed, the fortitude and commitment of both our people to freedom and dignity have prevailed under very trying and difficult conditions. As we meet today, our wounds are still to heal properly; our scars are still to clear. Yet we have a duty in tribute to our forebears and the masses of our people not to procrastinate when we have the possibility to do whatever we can to move forward faster so as to banish forever the pain occasioned by poverty and underdevelopment.

Since the sound of the drums of freedom and independence were heard in many countries more than 40 years back, much of Africa has not known conditions of stable peace. Yet, in the last 15 years or so, we have seen the emergence of a new generation of Africans, who not only speak about change but are prepared to bring it about; who not only preach economic development but are ready to dirty their hands to change the conditions of the people for the better; who not only pray for an end to war and conflict, but ceaselessly struggle for peace and security.

Of course, in this period of the last 15 years we have also experienced the hideous act of genocide in Rwanda; the indecencies of wars; the deaths of our people from curable diseases; famine in the age of plenty.

Accordingly, we need faster ways to accelerate change and implement the programmes of the African Union (AU) and its development programme, New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD). We have to collaborate better to end conflicts and wars, ensure the all-round development of the masses of our people and advance towards the realisation of the goal of African unity.

The commitment of the people of this country to address some of these challenges has been demonstrated by the work you have done on the critical matters of peace, security and stability. This is particularly so with regard to the contribution that Uganda made to ensure that the peoples of Rwanda and Burundi have the possibility, after many years of conflict, civil wars and instability, to live in peace and begin to participate in democratic processes.

Again, through the Inter-Governmental Authority for Development (IGAD), Uganda, together with other regional partners, has helped to pull Somalia from the abyss of anarchy and lawlessness into the possibility of a better future. Indeed, it is because of the commitment among the Ugandans and the rest of the people of this region, to help bring about peace in Sudan that today Africa has ended decades of war in southern Sudan.

These are the concrete expressions of the commitment of African leaders to find lasting African solutions to Africa's problems. In this regard, we would also like to take this opportunity to pledge our solidarity with you as you continue the struggle to achieve peace in Uganda, obliged to confront such groups as the so-called Lord's Resistance Army.

[ Last edited by buddy35 at 2009-1-14 03:44 AM ]
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