Author: changabula

Are Western Historians Biased? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2007-2-22 20:31:37 |Display all floors
Originally posted by changabula at 2007-2-22 19:35
William Blum, USA writer from the book, "Rogue State":

"From 1945 to the end of the [20th] century, the USA attempted to overthrow more than 40 foreign governments, and to c ...

I acknowledged that, one of the books I want to read. There's still more that haven't been disclosed and surely the rotten fish of US government.

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Post time 2007-2-22 20:33:16 |Display all floors

US psychological warfare experts worked at CNN and NPR during Kosovo War

By Tom Bishop
18 April 2000
Use this version to print

Cable News Network (CNN) and National Public Radio (NPR) have acknowledged that eight members of the US Army 4th Psychological Operations (PSYOPS) Group served as interns in their news divisions and other areas during the Kosovo war. PSYOPS is a highly specialized unit of the military whose personnel are trained in the production and dissemination of US government propaganda, including on television and radio programs.

According to CNN executives and military officials, the intern program began last June and ended in March. A total of five PSYOPS sergeants were assigned to the network's Atlanta headquarters. These included two at the Southeast bureau, two at CNN Radio and one at the satellite department.

Three PSYOPS personnel also worked at the Washington DC headquarters of NPR, a publicly-funded radio network. They worked for periods ranging from six weeks to four months from September 1998 through May 1999 on such programs as All Things Considered and Morning Edition.

On March 29 top CNN officials acknowledged the presence of the military personnel in a written reply to the media watchdog group Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting (FAIR), which had issued a media alert two days before, entitled "Why were government propaganda experts working on news at CNN?"

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Post time 2007-2-22 21:20:44 |Display all floors
Is the US Corporate Media Complicit in War Crimes?

According to principles set during the Nuremburg Trials and the UNESCO Charter, the primary responsibility of journalists during a time of war is not to incite the public to violence. In the case of the Haditha Massacre cover-up, we need to ask: Is the US Corporate Media complicit in the cover-up of this War Crime? By helping to cover up countless events like the Haditha Massacre, is the US Corporate Media inciting the public to violence by distorting the truth about the war in Iraq?

Already, stories from the US Media and "journalists" like Judith Miller who promoted the war with fabrications have failed the test of journalistic responsibility set by the Nuremburg Trials and the UNESCO Charter. But the US corporate media seems extremely resistant to responsible reform. How can the New York Times be satisfied publishing an unverified official account of what happened in Haditha presented by a military that has been caught in countless lies, such as the Pat Tillman fabrication and the invented Jessica Lynch "rescue?" Is the US corporate media prepared to challenge these government propaganda deceptions? Or are they going to remain engaged in aiding and abetting the war crimes of the US military and its commander in chief?

For the full story with loads of examples:
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Post time 2007-2-23 21:04:11 |Display all floors
The bias against India in western literature on history of medicine: with special emphasis on public health.

Bull Indian Inst Hist Med Hyderabad. 2000 Jan-Jun;30(1):41-58.

Community Medicine PGIMER, Chandigarh.

The article describes a systematic bias against India in Western literature on history of medicine. While many authors have ignored the contributions of India in development of medicine altogether, the others have relegated India's role much behind other civilizations. Unnecessary and deliberate controversies on dating and origin of Ayurveda, primacy of Greek vs. Hindu Medicine and the origin of the practice of variolation have been elaborated by Western authors. Some medical historians, like Siegrist, have tried to give India its due place in the history of medicine. Suitable references of Indian authors have also been quoted to give a comparative and balanced picture. The need for settling this controversy has been emphasized.
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Post time 2007-2-24 22:33:42 |Display all floors

CIA on campus

Academics and Spies: The Silence that Roars

by David N. Gibbs

TUCSON: An academic controversy has revealed a most interesting fact: A significant number of social scientists, especially political scientists, regularly work with the Central Intelligence Agency.
It has long been known that the academia-CIA connection was a staple of the early Cold War. During the 1940s and '50s, the CIA and military intelligence were among the major sources of financial support for America's social scientists. In Europe, the agency covertly supported some of the leading writers and scholars through the Congress for Cultural Freedom, as Frances Stonor Saunders recently documented in her book The Cultural Cold War.

Such ties supposedly withered during the 1970s, in the aftermath of Vietnam and hearings by the U.S. Senate select committee on intelligence, which revealed extensive CIA misdeeds, including fomenting coups against democratically elected governments, plotting assassinations of foreign leaders and disseminating propaganda. After these revelations, it seemed that no self-respecting academic would go anywhere near the agency.

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Post time 2007-2-24 22:35:41 |Display all floors

CIA on campus

Spies on Campus
by Ernest Volkman

In the early spring of 1976, Harvard University President Derek Bok began reading a 651-page green paperbound book with the forbidding title, Foreign and Military Intelligence: Final Report of the Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities (more popularly known as the Church Committee Report).

Like most other prominent academics, Bok was aware that for years some members of the academic community and the CIA had joined together in a secret relationship to turn many of America's university and college campuses into virtual espionage centers. He was aware that a number of professors and administrators were secretly working for the CIA, recruiting prospective agents among students, spying for the agency while overseas, sometimes helping to spy on "troublemaking" students, and using the cover of research institutes and other projects to gather intelligence.

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Post time 2007-2-25 00:06:08 |Display all floors
changabula Wikipedia is doomed to bias

One of the problems with Wikipedia is that the 1000 or so "editors" who spend the most time there are subject to groupthink.  At one point Wikipedia was frightened of becoming over-run with vandals and conspiracy theorists.  Of course, that is just a phenomenon of the web.  However, topics that are controversial can be difficult for them to properly balance.

For example, I once added the words,

"The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people."

to a Wikipedia article about the American Civil War.  It was removed a day later.  Of course, the words are the 10th amendment to the US Constitution, and were the basis of the Confederacy's claim that permitting slavery and secession from the Union were both rights that states had.

It was sort of revealing that the views of the editors are so rigid that they cannot allow the words of the U. S. Constitution to appear in an article about the American Civil War.

There is also an interesting Supreme Court Case that the state of Virginia brought after it was re-admitted into the Union.  When Virginia seceeded from the Union, its western counties seceeeded from it, and formed West Virignia.  So if Virginia had no right to seceed from the Union, which is what the Civil War settled, then how could counties have the right to seceed from a state?  The supreme court said that counties could not seceed from states unless the states were in rebellion against the Union.  This was of course a foolish interpretation that was designed to specifically allow West Virginia to continue as a state despite the legal claims of Virginia.

That doesn't stay posted at Wikipedia either.

I'm not some odd person who believes that slavery is good or that the South should have won the American Civil War.  I just have a view of it that is more sophisticated than 7th Grade History class.  But the computer geeks that spend all their days at Wikipedia have such a shallow understanding of what they're doing that they even delete quotes directly from the U.S. Constitution.

Most importantly, the history of the American Civil War was formed essentially by companies that sold encyclopedias in small midwestern towns.  The essential elements of the war -- its causes, its battles, its leaders, and its aftermath -- are all tailored to the biases of the encyclopedia buyer in small town midwestern America.  It is this outline of the American Civil War that continues to frame its history in the public consciousness.  

One excellent example of bias is cost of the war to the South.  Look for the word "famine" in the history of the American Civil War.  Then look for the word "Andersonville."  What do find more photographs of, the starvation of the Southern civilian population or the starvation of the Union prisoners of war held at Andersonville prison in Georgia?

[ Last edited by matt605 at 2007-2-25 02:23 AM ]

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