Author: changabula

Chinese Role Models and Heroes [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2007-2-2 17:38:06 |Display all floors
Li Chuanyun

Babeli (Chuanyun Li) began his violin studies at the age of three under the guidance of his parents and won the first prize at Beijing Youth and Junior Violin Competition at the age of only five.

After settling in Hong Kong with his family in 1986, he joined the Yip Children's Choral and Performing Arts Center, of which he became an active member, participating in their annual concert tours. Through a sponsorship by a music enthusiast, Mr. Li was awarded a scholarship by the Violin Special Training Award Program. Under the auspices of the Yip Children's Choral and Performing Arts Center, he was sent to Beijing to continue his studies under world-renowned professor Yaoji Lin.

In 1991, at age 11, by the unanimous vote of 20 judges from 11 countries,he won the first prize in the Fifth Wieniawski International Youth Violin Competition, making him the youngest prizewinner among 43 competitors in the group of aged-16 or under.

In August 1993 he made his debut at the Hong Kong Cultural Center performing Paganini's 24 Caprices, which he later recorded on his first CD.

In 1998, Mr. Li won the Nakamichi Violin Concerto Competition held in Aspen, Colorado.

Through the generosity of a society dedicated to the discovery and support of extraordinarily gifted international emerging musicians, Mr. Li was awarded the Salon De Virtuosi Fellowship Grant in 1999.

Li studied under Ms. Dorothy DeLay and Professor Kurt Sassmannshaus at the University of Cincinnati College - Conservatory of Music in 1999 and 2000.

The Hong Kong Sinfonietta performed in Paris, France with Babeli(Chuanyun Li) as their solo violinist, representing China's best young musicians in July 2001.

In the summer of 2002, Mr. Li recorded the music soundtrack for the motion picture "Together", directed by China's most renowned director, Kaige Chen. Mr. Li also made a cameo appearance in the movie.

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[ Last edited by changabula at 2007-2-2 05:54 PM ]
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Post time 2007-2-2 22:34:43 |Display all floors
Guo Shoujing

Guo Shoujing (1231 ?1316) was a Chinese astronomer, engineer, and mathematician.

His grandfather was Guo Yang, a noted scholar.

By the age of fourteen Guo Shoujing designed a water clock and at sixteen he was studying mathematics.

He worked on improving the Chinese gnomon and worked at Kublai Khan's observatory. There he formulated the Shoushi calendar and calculated the year to be 365.2425 days. This is the same as the Gregorian calendar, but almost three centuries earlier. It would be used for the next 364 years. He also did work relating to spherical trigonometry.

He is a famous ancient Chinese hydraulic engineer and mathematician. He improved the calendar and was off by only 50 seconds. He calculated a year was 365 days 5 hours 36 minutes and 11 seconds. Although he did a great deal on the modern calendar, he suggested pi = 3, unlike Zu Chongzhi's 3.14159265 and Zhang Heng's 3.142.

In engineering he is best known for constructing the artificial Kunming Lake in Beijing as a reservoir and part of a new waterway for grain transport.

Asteroid 2012 Guo Shou-Jing named after him.

[ Last edited by changabula at 2007-2-2 10:39 PM ]
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Post time 2007-2-2 22:43:34 |Display all floors
Guo Shoujing (more info)

Chinese Astronomical Almanacs available to Zheng He:

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[ Last edited by changabula at 2007-2-2 10:47 PM ]
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Post time 2007-2-2 22:47:36 |Display all floors

Sun Li-jen

19 November 1899 – 19 November 1990

Sun Li-jen
Nickname "Rommel of the East"

Awards Order of Clouds and Banners 4th Class
Legion of Merit (U.S.)

Sun Li-jen (Traditional Chinese: 孫立人; Hanyu Pinyin: Sūn Lìrén) (November 19, 1899–November 19, 1990) was a Kuomintang general, best known for his leadership in the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Chinese Civil War. His achievements earned him the laudatory nickname "Rommel of the East". His New 1st Army was reputed as the "1st [Best] Army under the heaven" and credited with defeating the most Japanese troops. He was also known as Sun Chung-neng (孫仲能, Sūn Zhòngnéng) and had the courtesy name Sun Fu-min (孫撫民, Sūn Fǔmín).

Early life
Sun Li-jen was born in Jinnu Town, Lujiang County, Anhui province, with ancestry in Shucheng County. During the May Fourth Movement, he was part of the Scouts in the march at Tiananmen Square. In the same year (1919) he married Gong Xitao (龔夕濤) and was admitted in 1920 to Tsinghua University to study civil engineering. He transferred to Purdue University in the United States to complete his senior year in 1923, where he graduated in 1925. But in the United States, ideological zeal motivated him to dramatically change vocations and pursue a military career instead. China was in the middle of civil war, and Soviet and Japanese invaders seemed poised to devour China. Sun decided that he could better serve his divided nation as a soldier rather than an engineer.

He applied to the Virginia Military Institute, also in the United States, lying about his age by four years so that he would appear young enough to meet the school's admissions requirements. He graduated from VMI in 1927 and joined Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in the Northern Expedition against the warlord generals of the Beiyang Army. During the Northern Expedition and the latter war against the Chinese Communists in the Chinese Civil War, Sun Li-jen became a highly effective field officer and valued subordinate to Chiang Kai-shek.

Second Sino-Japanese War
Sun's New 38th Division was part of the forces Chiang Kai-shek sent into Burma to protect the Burma Road.Although unable to stop the Japanese from cutting the Burma Road, Sun gained the respect of General William Slim, the Commander of the British 14th Army for his competence. Sun and his division retreated into India and became a part of 'X Force', the Chinese forces under the command of Joseph Stilwell, the American commander of all American and Chinese forces deployed in the "China-Burma-Indian Theatre". Sun's division spearheaded Stilwell's 1943 drive to reconquer North Burma and re-establish the land route to China by the Ledo Road.

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Post time 2007-2-3 01:27:09 |Display all floors

Those who fight with Chinese against Japs invaders ... 0050804_200266.html

The Flying Tigers

Flying Tigers, or the American Volunteer Group was made up of American volunteer pilots who were drafted by Colonel Claire L. Chennault from 1941 to 1942 to fight with Japanese air force in China and Burma. At that time the harbors and transportation system in China were under control by the Japanese army, isolating the Kuomintang government from outside world.

The small squadron of Flying Tigers, driving old and shabby fighters kept defeating the Japanese air force, which was well equipped and much bigger in scale.

The Flying Tigers transported supplies, provided cover for the Burma highways, and fought with Japanese in most regions in China.

On July 4, 1942, the American Volunteer Group was incorporated into the 10th Air Force and became the backbone of the China Air Task Force of the United States Army Air Forces. In 1943, the 14th Air Force was activated and replaced the China Air Task Force.

During WWII, the Flying Tigers transported ammunitions and material for China and fought against Japanese invaders. From 1941 to 1943, the Flying Tigers shot down 193 Japanese aircrafts and destroyed 75, hence an important force supporting China's war of resistance against Japan.


Let's commemorate those who fought with us against enemies. We won't forget our true friends, the American comrades.

[ Last edited by northwest at 2007-2-3 01:28 AM ]

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Post time 2007-2-3 01:29:16 |Display all floors

"At last I am in China where I hope to be of some service to a people who are struggling to attain national unity and new life"

-May 31, 1937;  Claire L. Chennault(founder of Flying Tigers) diary entry

They may not be Chinese... but they made a lot of contribution for China. *salute*

[ Last edited by northwest at 2007-2-3 01:36 AM ]
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Post time 2007-2-3 08:45:34 |Display all floors
Qian Xuesen

China's Rocket Pioneer and  Chinese Father of Missile.

A scientist who was a major figure of space programs of USA and PRC.

During World War II served in the US Army as Liutenant Colonel and helped US to design and develop ballistic missile.

He cofounded Jet Propulsion Laboratory in 1944 with Theodore von Karman.

Goddard Professor of Caltech. Qian was awarded Caltech`s Distinguished Alumni in 1979 .

One of leading rocket scientists in the US pre 1950.

Qian returned to China from the United States in 1955.

After being deported due to red scare program of McCarthy in 1955, after confined in house arrest for five years he established Instute of Mechanics and trained Chinese engineers.

Then he fathered Chinese rockets. He was one of the leading scientists in developing China's own nuclear bombs, missiles and satellites.

Qian was responsible for Dongfeng and Silkworm missile design and development.

Qian research is the basis of Long March rockets which successfully launched the first Chinese manned spacecraft Shenzhou V in 2003.

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President Jiang Greets China's Rocket Pioneer Qian Xuesen at his home in Beijing:

[ Last edited by changabula at 2007-2-8 09:28 PM ]
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