Author: chairman

Chinese creativity and innovation - the formula for advance. [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2008-10-18 18:55:42 |Display all floors
Premier calls to beef up basic research

The wellspring of economic and social development lies in science and technology and that is why they should be better integrated, Premier Wen Jiabao has told a leading US science magazine.

He also said he would like to see increased spending on basic research in China and a reduction of energy consumption by 4 percent annually.

In a two-hour, wide-ranging interview with Bruce Alberts, editor-in-chief of Science, Wen also vowed to improve food safety and leverage science to help the poor.

The interview is published today in the journal, which also carries an editorial written by Wen and a news article on science and technology in China.

"In recent years, we have continuously increased the level of support" for basic research, Wen told Alberts, describing research on fundamental science as "the wellspring and driving force" of innovation.

"But I think (China's spending on basic research) is still insufficient."

Five percent of the nation's total spending on science goes toward basic research, according to Alberts, a professor of biochemistry and biophysics at the University of California, San Francisco, who cited the Ministry of Science and Technology.

In comparison, the US National Science Foundation (NSF) has reported that 17.5 percent of the United States' total spending on science was on basic research in 2007.

Despite that, Chinese scientists and engineers have made remarkable progress in recent years, based on contributions to scholarly journals and the number of patents filed or obtained.

Alberts said after returning to Washington that he was extremely impressed by the high caliber of students he met at Tsinghua and Peking universities.

Alberts, who was visiting Beijing to deliver lectures at the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Tsinghua University, joined Science Asia News Editor Richard Stone for the rare personal meeting with Wen and Chen Zhu, the minister of health.

Remarks by Wen - a geologist - "clearly reveal his passion for both science and technology, as well as his recognition of their central importance to society," Alberts said.

For example, when asked about the recent tainted-milk crisis in China, Wen said that both the producers and the government must accept responsibility for preventing food from being tainted in the future.

"We feel great sorrow about this milk incident," Wen said. "I once again solemnly emphasize that it is absolutely impermissible to sacrifice people's lives and health in exchange for temporary economic development."

All food must meet international standards, and in particular, exported food must meet the standards of importing countries, Wen said. The Ministry of Health has now been assigned responsibility for food safety in China, he added.

Wen also acknowledged China's challenges in moving toward more environmentally friendly practices, and promised that the country would continue to make improvements.

"We have established a goal, that is in future development, our GDP growth every year must be accompanied by a 4 percent decrease in energy consumption," he said, "and a 2 percent reduction in (chemical oxygen demand) and sulfur dioxide emissions every year."

Noting that China has been an industrial nation for only a few decades, he nonetheless added that "we will now begin to shoulder our due responsibilities" for protecting the environment.

China's coal production currently exceeds 2.5 billion tons per year and "this kind of huge consumption of energy, especially non-renewable fossil fuel, will not be sustainable", Wen said.

Alberts' interview with Wen also covered China's "Scientific Outlook on Development". Wen explained that there are several fundamental principles at the heart of China's science-based efforts to improve people's lives and the country's economy.

Specifically, he said that any plan for China's progress should put people first by seeking to increase material as well as cultural prosperity. In addition, Wen advocated "comprehensive development", which he described as including the integration of economic and political reform.

He further said that China will seek to resolve disparities between rich and poor, and balance development in the agriculture, industry and service sectors of the economy.

Finally, he said that China will work toward sustainable development that addresses the inherent challenge of limited resources to support a population of 1.3 billion.

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Post time 2008-10-18 19:33:14 |Display all floors
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Post time 2008-10-18 22:43:30 |Display all floors
How on earth can you criticise articles that are talking about Chinese creativity?

Originally posted by iamnaive at 2008-10-18 19:33
Advice for you Buddy35:

Firstly, I would like to know which side of your shoulder are you patting?

This is very important, because if you do it to often and to hard, you will look like physic ...


Why does it make you people so paranoid?

Do we ever go to your country and criticise you?

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Post time 2008-10-19 17:24:38 |Display all floors

Chinese Science on the Move!

China emerges as major power in science, technology
(Xinhua)
2008-10-19



"China is quickly emerging as one of the major countries in science and technology," Vaughan Turekian, chief international officer of American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), told Xinhua in a recent interview.

"For more than 30 years, China has been building a world class scientific enterprise, developing both the physical infrastructure and human resource base to move forward in the fields of science and technology," he commented.

Turekian, along with Alan Leshner, CEO of AAAS, published an editorial entitled "Chinese science on the move" on the December 7, 2007 issue of the  journal Science.

In that editorial, they said China, as one of the world's fastest-growing economies, was also the world's fastest-growing supporter of scientific research and development (R&D), with its national R&D funding moving to the third place in the world, just behind the United States and Japan.

And "with some evidence, China is now only second to the United States in R&D funding," Turekian told Xinhua.

"Given the long history of Chinese innovation dating back centuries, it is not surprising that China has embarked on this latest investment in science and technology as a crucial underpinning of its economic and social development."

As for the impetus behind China's remarkable progress in science and technology, Turekian said that the initiation of the Four Modernization drive played an important role in pushing this new era of science success.

Furthermore, the focus by the current Chinese leadership on investing in science and technology has been crucial to the recent surge in Chinese science, he said.

"I also believe that promoting exchanges between Chinese and Western scientists and students is crucial to the rapid rise of Chinese science," said the AAAS official.

Turekian also stressed the importance of international cooperation in the field.

"This is particularly true in global issues such as environment, public health and innovation," he said.

Turekian said for China, which has a highly competitive science community, one of its great challenges is how to deal with the ethics and scientific misconduct.

"This is true not only in China, but also in fact in all countries. As competition increases to perform at the highest level, there is always a chance that there will be increasing cases of misconduct," he said.

Turekian said, therefore, it is important to put in place both formal regulation and enforcement mechanisms as well as the informal training and mentoring that can decrease the amount of misconduct.

The key to science is risk-taking and willingness to fail, he said.

"So, the key for China, and many developing scientific communities, is ensuring that misconduct is minimized, while encouraging risk-taking and creativity," he said.

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Post time 2009-9-23 08:44:07 |Display all floors
Originally posted by chairman at 2007-6-27 12:40
this thread may have moved off topic....

how unfortunate...



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chairman has been deleted
Post time 2010-2-22 11:19:10 |Display all floors

....indeed...

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