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AIDS, by Waln K. Brown, Ph.D., 778 words, 3 pages.
AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) is a deadly disease caused by a virus. The AIDS virus cripples the immune system. A person with AIDS is vulnerable to infections and certain kinds of cancer that take advantage of the body’s lowered ability to fight back.
AIDS does not kill directly. Rather, the AIDS virus makes its victims defenseless against other infections that kill them. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a term for the virus that causes AIDS. HIV is a type of virus that causes a number of health problems ranging from symptomless infection, to changes in the immune system and the development of life-threatening diseases because of lower immunity. ARC (AIDS-Related Complex) is a stage of the AIDS infection where symptoms develop in response to a crippled immune system. It may take years to develop ARC after infection with the AIDS virus. Most people who develop ARC also will develop full-blown AIDS. ARC victims are contagious until the day they die.
Chlamydia, by Waln K. Brown, Ph.D., 795 words, 3 pages.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by infection from a germ called “chlamydia trachomatis.” It can infect males and females and is a major cause of cervicitis (infection of the cervix), NGU and PID.
Nearly four million Americans get a chlamydia infection each year. Many people do not know they may have chlamydia until a sex-partner is diagnosed. The only sure way to know is to be treated. A number of tests are available to diagnose chlamydial infections. These tests reveal chlamydia even when there are no symptoms. Typically, a cotton swab collects a small amount of fluid from the infected site. If left untreated, chlamydial infections can cause health problems for both males and females, including painful infection, permanent damage to the reproductive organs, infertility and sterility. Pregnant females also may suffer birth complications.
Genital Herpes, by Waln K. Brown, Ph.D., 898 words, 3 pages.
Herpes is the name given to a group of viruses that cause a number of human illnesses. Herpes is a Greek word that means - “to creep.”
The Herpes virus can hide inside the body for a long time without causing harm. Then, all of a sudden, it can creep out of hiding and cause problems. Almost everyone gets at least one herpes infection at some time in their life. However, most herpes infections are not sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Examples of non-STD herpes infections include chicken pox, shingles, severe infections, recurrent illnesses, infectious mononucleosis, non-venereal cold sores and fever blisters. There are two strains of the herpes simplex virus. Both strains cause cold sores and fever blisters, and both strains pass from person-to-person by physical contact. Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is non-venereal and is passed by kissing or touching someone with a cold sore or fever blister. Generally, HSV-1 occurs above the waist. Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is venereal and is passed by having sexual contact with someone infected with genital herpes.
Genital herpes and HSV-2 are different terms for the same STD. Generally, HSV-2 occurs below the waist.
Genital Warts, by Waln K. Brown, Ph.D., 880 words, 3 pages.
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the name of a group of more than 60 viruses. Certain types of HPV cause warts on the hands or feet; others cause visible genital warts. Sometimes, however, HPV infection causes no warts, and many people with genital HPV do not know they have it.
A contagious virus spread primarily through genital-genital, genital-anal and oral-genital interaction causes genital warts. They may appear several months after being infected. Sometimes, no visible symptoms develop.
It is common for a person with genital warts to have several other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) at the same time. Genital warts is one of the most common STDs in America. As many as one million cases are diagnosed each year, and tens of millions of Americans have HPV infection. In some cities, HPV spreads faster than herpes, Chlamydia, syphilis or gonorrhea.