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Chapter 24 Light Industry （轻工业）|
During the “Tenth Five-Year Plan Period”, China’ light industry experienced fast growth and China became the largest light industrial product manufacturer and exporter, yet as the industry is now at the stage of extensive growth, some many problems have cropped up. The practical approach 实现途径 to realize the intensive growth of the light industry lies in the scientific progress with independent innovation as the core and structural adjustment and infomationization. The technical key points for independent innovation in light industry are mainly reflected in two aspects: one, the light industrial equipment industry(轻工装备行业) that is technical weak but crucially concerned with the existence of the whole industry ； Two, the key manufacturing technology that will play a important and leading role in the intensive growth of the light industry. Then the key industry of the structural adjustment is concentrated in two categories, respectively, papermaking and food industries that show great promise for the future and fast demand growth; and the relevant industries, such as, home electrical appliances, ceramics and plastics, etc. The specific measures taken to tackle all these problems include: firstly, striving to breakthrough in positive adaptation and assimilation of foreign scientific and technological achievements(消化吸收), re-innovation and Integrated Innovation( 集成创新) ; The relevant state department and light industry association shall determine the key technological projects in which great breakthrough shall be made and these projects shall be granted with more e state financial technological input; great efforts shall be made to steer the limited capital and technological strength towards the key projects that focus on the application and modification of imported equipment and technology and Integrated Innovation by relying on the large-scale Key and Major Enterprises and superior enterprises rather than duplicated introduction or import of equipment from foreign countries; secondly, speeding up the construction of the innovation service system of the medium and small-sized enterprises; thirdly, efforts shall be made to cultivate the innovation-oriented and technological talents; fourth, strengthening the formulation of the industrial regulations and rules and the supporting structural adjustment policies, controlling the aggregates and optimizing the industrial structure. Through the implementation of these vigorous policies and measures, it is expected that great breakthrough shall be made in the structural adjustment of the key light industrial equipment industries oriented towards independent innovation, thus promoting the further improvement of production concentration in home electrical appliances, paper-making and food industries and forming the corporate groups with the annual sales revenue of several 10 billion yuan and 100 billion yuan and about five internationally famous brands.
Chapter 25 Building Materials Industry（ 建材工业）
Taking everything into consideration, China’s Building Materials Industry gained rapid growth during the “10th Five-Year Plan Period” and particularly gained comparatively faster growth in the overall output, production capacity and export volume and furthermore, the technological level and technological structure of the Building Materials Industry were considerably improved. However, after 2004, production capability surplus gradually aggravated due to the slowing-down market demand growth and the business operation returns of the building material enterprises took a down turn on a large scale under the pressure of the dipping price and the escalation of the production cost. In 2005 the building material industry slumped into a low ebb. The growth and fluctuation of the building material industry during the “10th Five-Year Plan Period”, more or less, reflected that this industry didn’t completely break away from the road of the extensive growth characterized by quantity-centered expansion. In the future, the serious problems in China’s building material industry will not be ironed out and obviously dissolved (释解), specifically demonstrated in the following aspects: the comparatively backward technologies will still hold sway in a large percentage; The industrial concentration will be still low; it is impossible to bring the structural adjustment into a satisfactory completion; resources will be extremely consumed and the environmental pollution will go from bad to worse; there is still a comparatively far cry from the foreign counties in terms of energy consumption and emission indexes. Therefore, speeding up the transformation of the economic growth mode and the promotion of the industrial structural adjustment will be a major subject baffling China’s building material industry for quite a long period. During the “11th Five-Year Plan Period”, China’s building material industry will lay great emphasis on energy conservation and resource efficiency, protection of biological environment and enhancement of the product grades and quality; it will also take full advantage of the industrial production capacity surplus to energetically push forward the structural adjustment and industrial upgrading. The specific measures taken to tackle these problems include: setting up raw material base and improving the comprehensive utilization rate of the mineral resources; vigorously speeding up the structural adjustment and setting store by low consumption, low pollution, high quality and high efficiency; recycling the industrial waste residue （废渣）and promoting the recycling economic improvement in the building material industry; Carrying out the clean production, development and utilization of environment-friendly building materials; perfecting the quality in utilizing foreign investment to boost the building material industry and optimizing the export structure of the building material products.