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Chapter 20 Auto Industry |
During the “Tenth Five-Year Plan Period”, China’s Auto Industry took up the challenges from China’s entry into the WTO with great success, hitting an all-time high in terms of its development. Now China’s Auto industry has ranked in the third place in the world Auto industry. The scale of China’s Auto market has leapt into the front ranks of the world. China’s Auto industry realized the historical transformation with more export than import and its opening up to the outside world gained continuous momentum. However, during the “10th Five-Year Plan Period”, China’s Auto industry is faced with more and more serious problems: resource (particularly energy) and environment restriction; slow adjustment of industrial organization structure; irrational product structure; insufficient independent innovation capability, all of which set restriction to the development of China’s Auto industry. During the “11th Five-Year Plan Period”, only when China’s Auto Industry follows the guideline of the scientific development philosophy, takes the road of sustainable development and sets great store by the independent innovation capability as the strategic core can China’s Auto industry complete the transformation from the Auto industrial country to Auto industrial power.
Chapter 21 电子信息产业Electronic Information Industry
During the “Tenth Five-Year Plan Period”, China’s Electronic Information Industry gained a strong momentum in growth and it topped all other industries in terms of the industrial scale and export scale. The Electronic Information Industry makes an ever-increasing contribution to the national economy. Up to now, three electronic information industrial clusters with marked characteristics have been established in the Pearl River Delta, the Yangtze River Delta and the Circum-Bohai Sea Region. Compared with the “9th Five-Year Plan Period”, the scale and strength of Top 100 enterprises in China’s Electronic Information Industry have been greatly enhanced. However, under the backdrop of fast growth, there are some problems not be overlooked, which will affect the long-term development of China’s Electronic Information Industry. The remarkable problems are typically manifested its industrial growth characterized by quantity-centered expansion ( 数量型扩张 ) and inferiority of growth quality; Though the corporate innovative awareness and capability have been greatly enhanced, yet the overall R&D investment is still low and the independent innovation capability is still poor and the dependence of foreign investment to boost its industrial growth is further strengthened. The fundamental solution of these problems depends on the transformation of the growth mode of the electronic information industry: transforming from the foreign-oriented processing development mode to the independent R&D development mode based on the domestic demands. During the “11th Five-Year Plan Period”, whether the growth mode of the electronic information industry will have a marked change depends on the overall adjustment of the relevant policies. However, the adjustment of these policies must give full account of the three restrictions challenging the current development of the electronic information industry, respectively, environment, talented personnel and policy-entrenched habitual thought( 政策惯用思维).