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Chapter Six Ingenious Technological Innovation in Industry |
During the “10th Five-year Plan”, China gained constant capability in enhancing its independent innovation of its industry, mainly characterized by: steady input of scientific funds in technological innovations and personnel input; ever increasing growth of the output of technological innovation (in terms of numbers of patents and published thesis) and the establishment of a large batch of independent innovation-oriented basic platforms and key projects, which have thus far constituted the main body of the technological innovations in our country. As far as the raised funds for scientific and technological innovation, R&D expenditure and R&D personnel expenditure(人员支出) are concerned, enterprises accounts for more than 60% of the national total . Yet from the perspective of effect of the independent technological innovation in industry, the total amount in transfer of scientific and technological achievements(科技成果转让金额) gained a strong momentum during the “10th Five-Year Plan”, and moreover, the average turnover of the single technological contracts increased considerably, which illustrates that the technological content of the independent innovation in China is on constant rise; in respect of the industrialization of the scientific and technological achievements, China Torch Program, Spark Program and programs for the popularization of the key scientific and technological achievements produced favorable returns. At present, the gap between China and foreign countries is greatly narrowed in terms of the independent technological innovation in industry and international level. However there are still obvious gap in some other aspects, mainly because of China’s lack of strength in R&D input and lack of capability in adaptation and assimilation of foreign scientific and technological achievements and insufficient supply of skill-oriented talents. In the coming five years, there will be a favorable opportunity available to China’s independent technological innovation in industry. As we know, the overall awareness of independent innovation in the whole society is greatly raised; the powerful national strength paves the economic foundations of the enhancement of independent technological innovation; China has accumulated a large contingent of talents and practical technology; and it is more easier for China to acquire the state-of-the-art technology under the context of its reform and opening-up; the immense internal market demand expands wider space for the technological innovation. But with everything taken into consideration, China still entails more injection of state financial support for the basic research. Integrated innovation and the enhancement of the national scientific and technological quality, and besides, importance shall be made to the vocational education with greater efforts.
Chapter Seven 工业消费品市场Industrial Consumer Goods Market in China
During the Tenth Five Year Plan, our country’s Industrial Consumer Goods Market maintained an overall momentum characterized by sufficient supply but flat demand, which, however, does not indicate that the national industrial goods consumption has reached its saturation point. Yet on the very contrary, adversely affected by 调和segmentation of Urban-rural Dualistic Economic Structure(城乡二元结构分割) and obvious regional economic disparity(区域发展差异), there appear remarkable consumption disequilibrium; That is to say, at the present consumption stage where he industrial goods are still taking the lion’s share in the market, some people’s industrial goods consumption is contained to some extent. During the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, the industrial consumption goods will enjoy a wider market space. If we follow the scientific development outlook and strive vigorously for the Objectives of Building a Well-off Society in an All-Round Way, it is rather imperative to expand domestic demand and explore for more market opportunity as the dynamic engine to fuel the sustainable economic growth; The key of implementation of the macro strategy and policy measures to strongly stimulate the consumption growth lies in the increase of the disposable income of the Middle and Low Income groups(中低收入人群) and strengthen the consumption capacity of the low and income people, particularly the farmers while the national income is continuously enhanced, thus translating the huge potential demand into the effective and realistic demand. Due to the restraint of the resource environment and the demand of the social development stage, it is is an extremely urgent task at present that the “scientific concept of consumption” with the main connotations of “greenness” and “civilization” be positively advocated.