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Ah, tax policy.
Attempts to tax the wealthy in the USA often result in the rich altering the organization of their assets in order to avoid taxes legally. There's a huge amount of money to be made providing tax advice to the wealthy. If you can show a wealthy businessman or widow how to keep hundreds of thousands of dollars, then they will reward that advice.|
As for taxing the poor, this is very easy to do also. In the USA, many states and localities use sales taxes, real estate taxes, gasoline taxes, and car tag taxes. Most of the things the poor spend their money on, like rent, grocereis, gasoline, and clothing, are all taxed. So you can't buy anything without paying the tax as you go. Same with the car tags and rents. Rent levels are very often determined in part by the landlord's need to pay real estate taxes, and car tags are very easy to police.
Who pays a higher percentage of their income out in taxes, a wealthy Amreican or a poor American? I honestly don't know. What I do know is that as incomes rise, the percentage of income that's spent on food, clothing, and shelter decreases, but the marginal income tax rate increases.
Tax policy is important for China. China has to figure out how to share the costs of building up the country's infrastructure in a way that assures the economic growth trajectory doesn't stall out. Good tax policy will benefit all. Bad policy can create tremendous disadvantages to all.