The painting below is titled "The Problem We All Live With." However, is Rockwell lamenting the division in American society or is the problem those who forced the issue of desegregation to such acrimony?
The painting is based on the integration of a New Orleans public school in 1964, which was a decade after the Supreme Court had required that some public schools desegregate. The men escorting the girl are federal marshalls, who are sometimes non-uniformed, gun-toting federal agents. They are usually responsible for transporting federal prisoners. This was less offensive than to have desegregation enforced with uniformed police or military troops.
Below is an actual photograph of the federal marshalls escorting the young girl into the school building. Rockwell's version is very close to the actual event. In analysis, the right forearms of the marshalls in the Rockwell painting are a little bit too high and in unison, so it makes it appear that they are marching the girl into the schoolhouse.