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Proponents of Taiwan reunification argue that the island is an inalienable part of China on the bases of economic, strategic, historic, and political interests, which continue to be shaken and challenged as we move into the new era of Chinese dominance in Asia, and sooner or later, the whole world.|
In terms of economics, although Taiwan has a number of lucrative commercial technologies that Chinese companies are eyeing, it is only a matter of time that China, with its vast pool of engineering talents, surpasses Taiwan's current edge, not to mention the fact that China has an enormous market pull and excellent labor mobilization. Scholars and experts also argue that Taiwan's location is crucial to China's import/export logistics. But in reality, Taiwan's Kaoshiung and Keelong are no comparison to China's Hong Kong, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Qindao, and Tienjin. China has too many options for its sea trade routes and Taiwan can only play a minimal importance in it. So on the grounds of trade and economy, China really doesn't need Taiwan in the long run.
Related to the trade routes is the overrated emphasis on Taiwan's strategic location. As we progress into the new era, China's naval technology is developing at an unprecedented pace. Regarding China's military technology advance, it has been mentioned in recent US military reports that it only takes the Chinese 10 months to develop systems that took the Americans 10 years. China's modern submarines are being produced at a lightening speed: meaning that in 20 years time, whether Taiwan is controlled by China or not will not make the slightest difference to China's naval power in the West Pacific. Therefore, China really doesn't need Taiwan to secure its naval prowess.
And then there's the all-familiar argument that Taiwan had belonged to China to in history, which I admit is irrefutable. But China's map has changed so much in the past centuries, in which there was land lost to the Russians under the Aigun Agreement that are hundred times bigger than Taiwan. I think for a natural resource hungry China, "joint exploitation" on the disputed border should not be an option, which is unfortunately how it was settled. So, if all mainland Chinese are so patriotically fervent about getting their lost territory back, then why not start that endeavor by expressing your assertiveness at the Japanese, the Russians, the Indians, and heck... even the Vietnamese, over the disputed territories which undoutedbly belong to China as you do with Taiwan? As a matter of fact, when dealing with foreigners over territorial issues, China seems to employ a rather soft stance and verbal and written complaints are as far as it goes.
Perhaps, after all, China's Taiwan frenzy is nothing but a political maneuver to ensure stability in a rapidly modernizing China.