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One key-success element China must be conscious with is refusing WASTEFUL WHITE ELEPHANT PROJECTS inside and outside China along the BRI.|
This doesn't bode well for BRI. For the BRI to be successful it must be seen as:
If an initiative is seen as wasteful and unintelligent, slowly the entire initiative will be branded as wasteful and stupid. Who in the right mind wants to subscribe to stupid things?
Generally the Chinese do not see far enough. One problem crops up, they fire-fight that one problem. For a project to be successful, there must be holistic planning. That's why the analytical industry is vital for China.
From the inception of an idea, there must be analysis to study why is the project needed, who will it serve, how will it be done, who will do it, how to finance it, how to market and make it worth the while, what non-profitable purposes that it serves etc. and not just from one angle but from several angles that will definitely include the host country, participating countries etc. There is also a need to analyse the publcity, how to project the image of that project, how to win support, if successful how to advertise it etc.
So its a huge industry for the BRI if China knows how to make use of it without waste. It doesn't mean if the money is not China's the project can become wasteful. If it is, then the negative goodwill flows back to China.
For China the BRI is also about building a closer community between China, Central Asia, South East Asia and the Pacific Nations. How the BRI can be translated into a project that belongs to all depends on how China passes on some initiatives to others. For example Philippines can take the initiative to build networks into South America, Middle East, Australia and New Zealand. get the Filipinos involved. Then in Central Asia, maybe Kyrgyzstan can run parallel projects between itself with Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan etc. which China doesn't fund but will help Kyrgyzstan to raise funds fron say Russia and India.
When the ownership is spread out, it is tough for trouble making nations like US to disrupt good projects. A well spread ownership will encourage greater support for the BRI. After all Asia should not listen too much to an US who has spent the last 50 years bombing people and pouring agent orange into other countries without paying the due compensation.