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Why does China fail to cultivate top talent? [Copy link] 中文

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Post time 2018-7-17 13:58:33 |Display all floors
(Global Times) Nobel laureate Yang Zhenning's remarks questioning the country's lack of top scientists have sparked wide discussions about China's ability on scientific innovation amid the ongoing trade friction between China and the US.

Yang's comment echoed a question raised by Qian Xuesen, the "father of Chinese rocketry and space technology," in 2005, "Why do China's schools always fail to develop outstanding talent?"

It is worth discussing "whether China is unsuccessful in cultivating top talent, whether there is anything that can improve the situation and whether it is important to work on the issue," Yang said at the 20th anniversary of the Fundamental Science Class of Tsinghua University, the Beijing News reported.

The answer to all these questions is "Yes," Jin Xianmin, a professor at Shanghai Jiao Tong University's School of Physics and Astronomy, told the Global Times on Monday.

Jin said the younger generation of Chinese scientists should be given more resources and chance to deepen their studies. Programs like "The Thousand Talents Plan" was good but more efforts are needed, Jin stressed.

The discussion comes amid trade friction between China and the US, which prompted China's academic sector to discuss ways to train more students to help make the country more independent and innovative in core technologies.

China has been reflecting on its core scientific research capabilities, especially on domestic chips, after Chinese smartphone maker ZTE was caught in the crossfire of the trade frictions and was banned from buying US processors.

Gu Binglin, dean of Tsinghua University's Institute for Advanced Study, noted that talent development should be mission-driven rather than assignment-driven.

China's research environment has brought unnecessary pressure to younger researchers to achieve immediate results, Jin said. He called for a more diverse and inclusive attitude.

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Post time 2018-7-17 14:29:10 |Display all floors
This post was edited by pnp at 2018-7-17 14:29

How to 'cultivate top talent' when the Chinese education system is all about passing exams with top marks and nothing else?

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Post time 2018-7-17 14:39:31 |Display all floors
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Post time 2018-7-17 14:49:06 |Display all floors
The Chinese are too money-minded to be top talents; they go where they can make plenty of money; talents thrive in a less money-minded environment!

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Post time 2018-7-17 15:12:53 |Display all floors
This old man does not tell truth. This man was born in China and educated in China, but he turned his back on China and joined Ameircna nationality. He stole the credit of Tsung-Dao Lee who was his academic partner. And at his advanced age of 82 year old, he got married with a 28 woman.

Here are 7 technologies I know that China outbeats the US. Who are behind these technologies? There are Chinese scientists, talents.

High Voltage Transmission. China has deployed the world's first Ultra High Voltage AC and DC lines -- including one capable of delivering 6.4 gigawatts to Shanghai from a hydroelectric plant nearly 1300 miles away in southwestern China. These lines are more efficient and carry much more power over longer distances than those in the United States.

High-Speed Rail. In the span of six years, China has gone from importing this technology to exporting it, with the world's fastest train and the world's largest high-speed rail network, which will become larger than the rest of the world combined by the end of the decade. Some short distance plane routes have already been cancelled, and train travel from Beijing to Shanghai (roughly equivalent to New York to Chicago) has been cut from 11 hours to 4 hours.

Renewable Energy. China is installing wind power at a faster rate than any nation in the world, and manufactures 40 percent of the world's solar photovoltaic (PV) systems. It is home to three of the world's top ten wind turbine manufacturers and five of the top ten silicon-based PV manufacturers in the world.

Supercomputing. Last month, the Tianhe-1A, developed by China's National University of Defense Technology, became the world's fastest supercomputer. While the United States -- and the Department of Energy in particular -- still has unrivalled expertise in the useful application of high performance computers to advance scientific research and develop technology, America must continue to improve the speed and capacity of our advanced supercomputers.

On a note of consolation, Chu identified two research areas in U.S. labs that have the potential to vault U.S. industries to the front of these fields. Both are both vehicle related:

Revolutionary Electric Vehicle Batteries -- 500 Miles on a Single Charge. With the help of Recovery Act funding, Arizona-based Fluidic Energy is working with Arizona State University to develop a new generation of "metal-air" batteries that can store many times more energy than standard lithium-ion batteries. Metal-air batteries contain high energy metals and literally breathe oxygen from the air, giving them the ability to store extreme amounts of energy.
To date, the development of these batteries has been blocked by the limitations of using unstable water based solutions that break down and evaporate out of the battery as it breathes. Fluidic Energy's innovative approach involves ionic liquids -- extremely stable salts in liquid form -- using no water at all.
If successful, the effort could yield batteries that weigh less, cost less, and are capable of carrying a four passenger electric car 500 miles without recharging, at a cost competitive with internal combustion engines. A fact sheet on the project, which is part of DOE's Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E),

Converting Sunlight Into Usable Fuel. Through a newly established Energy Innovation Hub led by the California Institute of Technology (Caltech), an interdisciplinary team of scientists and engineers are working to create an integrated system modeled after photosynthesis that can convert sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into usable fuels such as gasoline.
The goal is to create a system of artificial photosynthesis that is 10 times more efficient than traditional photosynthesis in converting sunlight into fuel -- paving the way for a major expansion of America's biofuel industry and reducing our dependence on oil.

(source: Adam Aston, Greenbiz)

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Post time 2018-7-17 17:38:10 |Display all floors
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Post time 2018-7-17 18:16:49 |Display all floors
talents or mavericks has to have free space of thinking and acting !
Round Up is good for developing the mind

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