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I'll tell you what I think is wrong - they don't teach Marxism. Not Scientific Socialism anyways. Most Chinese people I speak to don't even know about the Centralization hypothesis, or how constant capital displaces variable capital. This is critical, as it is what truly distinguishes scientific from utopian socialism. It is what transforms socialism from being a matter of primarily opinion, to a matter of fact.|
This has a demoralizing effect, and it is this lack of understanding that ultimately brought down the USSR. The Soviets tried to keep their system together with brute force and propaganda and it did not work because the people did not understand what was at stake or the rationale behind their system. Over time it was eroded by economies with a magnitude of superior technology and resources.
But as I have said - the fact that Capital Centralizes and Accumulates (tends towards monopoly, oligopoly, and increasing class distinctions given systems of private ownership of major means of production) because Constant Capital (technology/machinery) displaces Variable Capital (living labor) is the key point of it all. Without this point, socialism vs. capitalism becomes a matter of debating values within a vacuum. It is like arguing for Evolution without noting Descent with Modification via Natural Selection.
Ultimately, if China is based on a Marxist-Socialist Ideology, there is no reason at all every student should not be taught this fact. Like Darwinian Evolution, it is a theory and a fact From the National Academy of Sciences:
"Is Evolution a Theory or a Fact?
It is both. But that answer requires looking more deeply at the meanings of the words "theory" and "fact."
© PhotoDisc In everyday usage, "theory" often refers to a hunch or a speculation. When people say, "I have a theory about why that happened," they are often drawing a conclusion based on fragmentary or inconclusive evidence.
The formal scientific definition of theory is quite different from the everyday meaning of the word. It refers to a comprehensive explanation of some aspect of nature that is supported by a vast body of evidence."
The vast body of evidence, with over two centuries of data proves conclusively that the Centralization hypothesis is correct. We need only look at horses and oxen to see what happens to living labor once technology develops to a certain extent, and given such historical precedence, the development of robotics should send chills down the spine of anyone with a conscience.