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This post was edited by emanreus at 2019-8-29 14:49|
From Convicts to Colonists: the Health of Prisoners and the Voyage to Australia,
The First Fleet is the name given to the group of eleven ships carrying convicts, the first to do so, that left England in May 1787 and arrived in Australia in January 1788. The ships departed with an estimated 775 convicts (582 men and 193 women), as well as officers, marines, their wives and children, and provisions and agricultural implements. After 43 convicts had died during the eight-month trip, 732 landed at Sydney Cove...
Today, Australian incarceration rates have increased by 130% since 1985, with a report claiming Indigenous Australians are more likely to end up behind bars than African Americans...
In 1990, Indigenous adult jail numbers were 1,124 per 100,000 people, by 2017, the figure had jumped to 2,433 incarcerated people.
These soaring levels have put Indigenous Australians as being more likely to be behind bars than African-Americans, whose 2017 numbers decreased to 2,304 people per 100,000 adults.
While rates for most crimes have fallen, governments have deliberately chosen policies that have toughened bail laws and increased the amount of time that the typical prisoner serves.'