Ural naturally divides Europe from Asia. This land keeps many secrets that havebeen puzzling scientists for centuries. We are going to tell about some of themin this post.
It is alarge limestone cave on the banks of the Sim River, a tributary of the BelayaRiver in the southern Ural mountains of Russia. Ignatievka cave gave birth tomany legends. It was named after hermit Ignatiy, who lived there for a longtime and was buried there. Some people even believed that was emperor AlexanderI himself who refused wordly pleasures, others thought it was prince KonstantinPavlovich - brother of Russian tsars - Alexander I and Nocholas I.
But what'smore interesting about the cave is its gallery full of drawings made byprimitive people. There are about 40 groups of the drawings, they are believedto be made almost fourteen thousand years ago. It's mostly animals andgeometric symbols (still unexplained) depicted on the cave walls. Whoknows, maybe this cave served as a temple for someone?
This humansilhouette in the remotest place is probably the biggest mystery of theIgnatievka cave. Locals suppose it's a miraculous image of the Virgin, theycome there for a prayer. Scientists tend to believe that it was carved out oflimestone by people who lived there centuries ago, sowell-preserved it is due to special microclimate of the cave.
Ignateva cave is a monument of nature and culture ofworld importance.
Arkaim is asettlement in the south of the Chelyabinsk region, remaining evidence of thecivilization, that has been discovered just recently - in 1987. This fortifiedsettlement of the Bronze Age was found by chance by a Russian archaeologicalexpedition, that came to examine the place planned for reservoir construction.
Suchdiscoveries have a global importance and happen once in a century.
Archaeologistspaid attention to the strange relief of the locality and started excavationsthat finally revealed an ancient settlement that consists of a bypass ditch,two rings of earthworks and a central square. The earth mounds are remains ofstrong fortified walls, complex defence structures, in each ring are dwellingspaces with proper stoves, craft workshops and warehouses. These cities arequite original, they differ from others, previously known settlements.
It is stillunknown what culture could create this settlement and why. However a group ofRussian scientists (who have no much trust from academiс community) insist onAryan origin of the city and believe it to be the cradleland of the humancivilization.
You probablyknow this story about the group of tourists who undertook themselves to have adifficult ski tour and never came back from the Ural mountains. They were allfound dead on the slope of the first mountain - Kholatchahl, and nobody stillcannot say what exactly happened with them.
They madeholes in the tent and came out through them, went down for 1500 meters with nowarm clothes and shoes on, where froze to death or died due to otherreasons. Three of them had almost fatal injuries, another one had even a worsetrauma, one girl had to eyes and tongue and all tourists had minor injuries ontheir bodies. It's obvious they were fighting with natural forces for theirlives - cold, snow and wind. They made fires, cut trees, made snow sheltersetc.
Bodies ofthe tourists were lying remotely from eath other. They were found three weeksafter they died. Their belongings were strangely untouched. There are numerousversions of the tragedy even including UFO explanations.
One of thelatest versions belongs to Eugene Tamplon, a member of the Russian geographiccommunity". According to him it was either missile R-7 that was activelytested then or so-called project "Burya" - intercontinental cruisemissile. Explosioncaused by testing could scare the tourists and they could run down the slope interror. At night it was more than dangerous, snow and strong wind in completedarkness could cause serious injuries. Besides, the tourists could be poisonedwith chemicals, have hallucinations and complete loss of vision - but even in such a conditionthey were trying to survive for several days.
She wasfirst mantioned in manuscripts in 1538. The legendary idol, an alleged item ofworship of the indigenous peoples of Northeastern Europe/Northwestern Siberia.Early references about it are contradictory, both in its geographical locationand in description.
The GoldenWoman was hiding somewhere in the north in the ninth-twelth centuries. She wasworshipped by people of a big rich country that was called Great Perm. Hersanctuary at the estuary of the Severnaya Dvina was guarded by six shamans.
The GoldenWoman was also mentioned on old maps of Mosсovia. She was depicted as abeautiful lady. Stories about the Siberian idol were spreaded by travellers andpeople from the north.
The statueof the idol could be brought to the Siberian land from plundered Rome in 410A.D. or she could be a mysterious goddess from China. Although some scientistsbelieve in "Christian" origin of the statue. According to them, thestatue of the Virgin was stolen from a Christian temple at the time of aninvasion.
Itkul is alake, "It" means "meat", "kul" -"lake", so it is a meat lake, i.e. a lake rich in fish. The namecould also originate from ancient "ikkul" and mean "sacredlake".
But moreprobable is a version that the name is based on a male name Itkol, popularone among Bashkirs. This could be a Bashkir leader or a founder ofa family group.