Views: 5609|Replies: 28

Meet The Tsaatan Nomads In Mongolia Who Live Like No One Else [Copy link] 中文

Rank: 3Rank: 3

Post time 2016-1-19 15:23:13 |Display all floors
Tsaatan people are reindeer herders and live in northern Khövsgöl Aimag of Mongolia. Originally from across the border in what is now the Tuva Republic of Russia, the Tsaatan are one of the last groups of nomadic reindeer herders in the world. They survived for thousands of years inhabiting the remotest subarctic Ulaan taïga, moving between 5 and 10 times a year.

The reindeer and the Tsaatan people are dependent on one another. Some Tsaatan say that if the reindeers disappear, so too will their culture. Reindeers provide them with milk, cheese, meat, and transportation. They also sew their clothes with reindeer hair, reindeer dung fuels their stoves and antlers are used to make tools. They do not use their animals for meat. This makes their group unique among reindeer-herding communities.
As the reindeer populations shrink, only about 40 families continue the tradition today. Their existence is threatened by the dwindling number of their domesticated reindeers. Many have swapped their nomadic life for urban areas. In June 2014, after days spent horse-riding across the Ulaan taïga from the village of Tsagaan-Nuur, near Khövsgöl lake, we had the chance to meet them.


Tsaatan people move from one place to another without establishing any permanent settlements during the year


A residential group consisting of several families is called “olal-lal” (meaning “them” in the Tsaatan language). They usually refer to a specific group by the name of a representative member.
The sense of their community is structured around the reindeer, they are dependent on one another. Tsaatans say that if the reindeer disappear, so too will their culture

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 3Rank: 3

Post time 2016-1-19 15:24:08 |Display all floors
The sense of their community is structured around the reindeer, they are dependent on one another. Tsaatans say that if the reindeer disappear, so too will their culture

Reindeer pelts are used for making winter coats. Bags, mats for travelling, and shoes are also made from the skin. Material for shoes is taken from the skin on the reindeer’s shin. Reindeer antlers are ingredients in traditional Chinese medicine and have been supplied to China since 1975.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 3Rank: 3

Post time 2016-1-19 15:24:44 |Display all floors
Tuvshinbayar & Ulziisaihan

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 3Rank: 3

Post time 2016-1-19 15:25:33 |Display all floors
Tsaatan communities are usually a group of tents of two to seven households that move camp to find optimum grazing for the reindeer that are treated like family members and shown respect

The reindeer are domesticated and belong to the household. The community’s chores and activities are centred around the care and feeding of their reindeer. Herding tasks are shared amongst the camp with children at a young age learning to care for the reindeer and keeping them safe.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 3Rank: 3

Post time 2016-1-19 15:26:45 |Display all floors
They live in yurts made primarily of birch bark that look like the tepees of Native-Americans

Families of the same olal-lal set up tents close to one another and collaborate in livestock herding. We visited the Tsaatan people at the end of June, when they had settled at their summer spot. Its altitude is around 2300 m.

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 3Rank: 3

Post time 2016-1-19 15:27:15 |Display all floors
Inside the Tsaatan tent

Use magic tools Report

Rank: 3Rank: 3

Post time 2016-1-19 15:27:53 |Display all floors
Bolorma is boiling milk to make cheese that the family needs to feed themselves

Use magic tools Report

You can't reply post until you log in Log in | register

BACK TO THE TOP
Contact us:Tel: (86)010-84883548, Email: blog@chinadaily.com.cn
Blog announcement:| We reserve the right, and you authorize us, to use content, including words, photos and videos, which you provide to our blog
platform, for non-profit purposes on China Daily media, comprising newspaper, website, iPad and other social media accounts.