The Beijing Municipal Government published the regulation on the points system for household registration on December 10 to solicit opinion online.
Under the points system, employment, accommodation, educational background, skill level, tax payments, and credit records, among other things, are converted into points. Migrants can obtain a Beijing household registration permit or hukou on reaching a specified number of points. The total required will be published each year and will be based on population changes in the city.
Applicants should be under 45 years old, have a Beijing residence permit and have paid social security premiums in Beijing for at least seven consecutive years. They also need to comply with family planning policy and have no criminal record.
In China, hukou allows access to education, healthcare and other social services. The system was introduced in 1950 and has long been controversial because it separates citizens into urban and rural residents and makes relocation between rural and urban areas difficult. Reforms on the hukou system have been enacted since the 1980s. It has become easier for rural residents to gain a hukou for smaller cities. However, a hukou for first-tier cities such as Beijing remains difficult to obtain.
The points system has been met with a mixed reaction. Some hail the move as social progress, but others say it's still pretty hard to gain a Beijing hukou under the new system.