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The last name Wu
Confucius said, "Tai Bo could be called a man of the highest virtue. For several times he gave up his right to the throne in favour of Ji Li, his brother. The common people could not find a proper word to praise him for it." (from Analects of Confucius 11)|
Note: Tai Bo was the oldest son of Duke Dan Fu, the forefather of Zhou empire. The Duke had three sons: Tai Bo, Zhong Yong and Ji Li. He intended to pass the throne to Ji Li, the third son instead of Tai Bo, the oldest. To comply with the father's will, Tai Bo left with Zhong Yong. Tai's action shows filial piety as well as deference. Hence, Confucius' acclaim, "the highest virtue".
Tai Bo and Zhong Yong left the Zhou kingdom to the south east coast, where they set up their own kingdom, Wu. With Wu Zi Xu as prime minister and Sun Wu as general, Wu became a powerful kingdom, defeated Chu, Yue and Ji, and began to challenge Jin. Unfortunately, Wu’s duke Fu Cha became arrogant and refused to listen to Wu Zi Xu, leading to the elimination of Wu by Yue. Descendents of Fu Cha began to bear the last name of Wu ever since.
Other sources for the family name Wu:
1) descendents of Wu Quan, an official of Zhuan Xu (2,513 – 2435 B.C.);
2) descendents of Yu Shun (2,255 – 2,205 B.C.);
3) descendents of the famous archer of Xia Shao Kang (2,079-2,057 B.C.).