On March 10, 1906, U.S. General Leonard Wood’s 790 heavily armed soldiers slaughtered about 800 to 1000 Moro villagers on the isle of Jolo in the Philippines. The massacre was part of the Philippine-American War at the time. Armed with traditional spears against rifles, grenades, and mountain guns, Moro men, women and children made a futile attempt to defend themselves or flee: 6 survived the attack, while the Americans sustained 21 casualties. The bodies of Moro villagers, many with 50 wounds, were stacked in piles of 5. The War Department eventually found Wood not guilty of wrongdoing, though angry Democrats tried to use the massacre to embarrass Roosevelt.
The final battle of the American Indian Wars occurred on December 29, 1890, close to Wounded Knee Creek in South Dakota. A minor struggle over the rifle of a Native American, Black Coyote, broke out into a killing spree by the US 7th Cavalry troopers. They not only killed Lakota warriors, but also unarmed women and children that tried to get away from the massacre. One-hundred and fifty Lakota Indians lost their lives that day, while 51 sustained wounds.
Also referred to as the Battle of Sand Creek, the Chivington Massacre, or the Massacre of Cheyenne Indians, the Sand Creek Massacre happened on November 29, 1864 in Colorado. A 700-strong Colorado Territory Militia attacked a village of unsuspecting and amicable Cheyenne and Arapaho Indians. Of the estimated 70-163 Indians that were slaughtered and mutilated, most were children and women.
US Army “Charlie” Company soldiers (20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade) mass murdered between 347 and 504 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians on March 16, 1968. The casualties included men, women, children and babies. Some of the victims were mutilated, and many of the women gang-raped. Platoon leader William Calley was the only one who was convicted for the massacre, and though he received a life sentence, he actually ended up being placed under house arrest for three-and-a-half years.
In July 1950, approximately 400 fleeing South Korean civilians came under fire by United States soldiers in the town of No Gun Ri. Though the US intervened to defend the South against attacks by North Korean soldiers, the under-trained 7th Cavalry Regiment panicked when refugee villagers tried to hide and scattered across the battlefield. Believing that enemy soldiers were among the villagers, US soldiers attacked with bombs and machine-gun fire from planes. The killing lasted 3 days.
On 19 November, 2005, US marines in Iraq shot and killed 24 civilian men, women and children in Haditha, a city in Western Iraq. Ostensibly motivated by revenge after the killing of a marine shortly before the massacre, Staff Sgt. Frank Wuterich ordered his men to “shoot first and ask questions later.” Nobody was found guilty when the investigation concluded.
Towards the end of World War II in 1945, when the Japanese government disregarded an ultimatum by the
United States to surrender and stop fighting, the U.S. dropped two atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of
Hiroshima and Nagasaki respectively: Little Boy fell on Hiroshima on August 6, and Fat Man flattened Nagasaki
on August 9. The after effects of the explosions killed 90,000-166,000 people in Hiroshima, while 60,000-
80,000 lost their lives in Nagasaki. Fifty percent of the total deaths in each city occurred the day the bombs