Idioms: 刻舟求剑 kè zhōu qiú jiàn Making his mark -- Acting foolishlyOnce, a Chu person (Chu is one of the seven hegemonic states of the period of the Warring States in 11th century BC-223 BC) was crossing the river by boat. Carelessly, he dropped his sword into the water and he immediately made a mark on the boat.
"This is where my sword fell" he said. After the boat stopped, he jumped into the river to look for his sword.
The boat had moved, but the man's sword had not. Isn't this a foolish way to look for a sword? Future generations use this analogy to illustrate people who are inflexible and stubborn.
kè zhōu qiú jiàn
luò huāng ér táo
Take to the wilds; be defeated and flee the battle
luò jǐng xià shí
Drop stones on someone who has fallen into a well; hit a person when he is down
qí gǔ xiāng dāng
Be equal in strength; be well matched
qí kāi dé shèng
Win a battle soon after the standard is raised; triumph in the first battle
xīn hěn shǒu là
Cruel and evil; vicious and merciless
xīn huāng yì luàn
Be fidgety and flustered; be alarmed and confused