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Boxer indemnity scholarship

Viewed 411 times 2018-2-7 14:18 |System category:News| Boxer, indemnity

In 1900, Chinese Boxer Troupe became the most serious conflict in parts of northern areas, the Qing Empire had to combat with the foreign aggressions, unfortunately, the allied forces of eight foreign nations defeated Qing Empire and occupied the Forbidden City. In 1901, the year of Xin Chou, the final Protocol, the settlement of the unrest of 1900 was reached by China and 11 countries, that is "Treaty of Xin Chou."

Based on the treaty, The total compensation was 450 million dollars that will be taken by China out of customs duties on silver and other customs duties, took tariff, regular tariff and salt tax as collateral, pay off over 39 years. This huge indemnity weaken the development and stability of China, and reduced Chinese society to semi-colonial and semi-feudal society. The sum of money has been named the "Boxer indemnity."

The Boxer indemnity scholarship was paid to the United States, which provided for Chinese students to study in the U.S. It has been called the most successful program in the movement of foreign-study in 1900s in China.

In early 1911, the Tsinghua Preparatory School was established. The purpose of the school is to use the Boxer indemnity and select overseas students in ordre to train them to be the qualified overseas students in the United States. Mr. Mei Yiqi, the president of Tsinghua University and an outstanding educator who was in charge of the Tsinghua Foundation. When he arrived in Taiwan in 1949, he found Hsinchu Tsinghua University with the money.

The Boxer Indemnity have mainly used in Chinese higher education and nurtured thousands of outstanding intellectuals, such as philosopher Hu Shi, meteorologist Zhu Kezhen, linguist Zhao Yuanren, and so on. Timothy Richard was an English missionary in Shanxi who set up Shanxi University with part of the Boxer indemnity.

Since 1909, the United States has returned partly money of boxer indemnity, and it has returned about $12.5 million as the Chinese Education and Culture Fund by June 1924. In 1917, when China entered the first World War, and won lately, it stopped paying reparations gradually. Other countries have returned money to China inch by inch until 1938.

(Opinions of the writer in this blog don't represent those of China Daily.)




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