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The Rise of China and Its implications for the world

Popularity 12Viewed 2875 times 2015-4-1 05:24 |System category:News| University, China, world

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2015 marked the 70th anniversary of the end of WWII and the founding of the United Nations.   This special occasion warrants a serious reflection on the path our world has walked since then, and the state of the world today. 

WWII, like WWI, was a war fought by imperialist nations for more colonies.   The Two oldest colonial empires, the French and British, were challenged by the three new comers on the scene, Germany, Japan and Italy, who wanted to expand their own colonial territories at the expense of the old.   Japan’s aggression against China early on intended to kick out Western colonialists in order to establish itself as the colonial empire in Asia.   German attack on the former Soviet Union brought former Soviet Union into the war.  President Roosevelt entered the war after Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor, with the intention to broke up the British and French colonial empires, because the existence of these colonial empires was detrimental to American interests at the time.

After the defeat of Germany, Japan and Italy, the United Nations was founded by allied nations in an effort to safeguard the world peace.   At the time, there were only 51 member states in the UN.  Most of the third world countries were still colonies of the western colonial nations.

The defeat of the U.S. backed Jiang Jieshi government by Chinese Communist Party in the Chinese Civil War, the founding of the People’s Republic of China and its victory in Korea, pushing the U.S. led UN forced back to 38th parallels inspired the people of the former colonies.   Throughout the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, more and more former colonies gained independence, and as a result the UN member states increased to 193 now, close to three quarters  of them did not exist at the end of WWII.

But the people of the former colonies gained independence only in name initially.  The former colonial powers did not relinquish their control over their former colonies.  They use sanctions, embargoes, direct military intervention to exercise their control over the third world countries.   They used universal human rights, democratization, and economic hit men to destabilize the third world countries in order to fish in troubled water.   IMF controlled by the U.S. and other former colonial powers designed the structural adjustment programs to extract a pound of flesh in return for their loans.  Many third world countries, like Mexico, Brazil, Indonesia, Thailand, and many nations in Africa were victims of the structural adjustment programs.

The rise of China is finally changing our world.   What China is doing in Africa and Latin America will have huge impact on our world.  China has forgiven the debts of African nations.   China is giving countries like Venezuela, Argentina and many others loans without any attachment when they cannot get them elsewhere.

Western politicians are making a concerted effort to label China’s development efforts in Africa as neocolonialism.  China did not cause a decline of native population in Africa as the western colonialist did.   China did not turn the native population into second class citizens as former western colonialism did.   China never uses military threat or violence to get what they want in Africa like former colonialists did.  In the old colonialism, wealth always left the colonies to enrich the mother country.   But China is building infrastructure and factories in Africa.   Yes, they are making money in the process, but they are also creating jobs for Africa and improve the life of the native people.

Many westerners are talking China down now as China’s economic growth is slowing down.   They are saying that China is in its twilight.    It is their wishful thinking again.   China’s rise will be unstoppable, because most third world country wants to see China rise up to challenge the western dominance.   The Western domination brought to our world too much misery.   Its colonization of the Latin America, Africa, Asia and Middle East caused tremendous suffering and death. In the last 70 years, they fought in Korea, Vietnam and many numerous other places.   Any countries who did not listen to them, they would bomb the hell out of them.   Not long ago, they invaded Iraq and Afghanistan.    They bombed Libya, and Syria.   Their drones are flying over Africa and Pakistan killing innocent and not so innocent people at will in the name of war on terror.   The world has had enough.   The world wants to change.   The rise of China will facilitate that change.   That is why the rise of China is significant for this world, and particularly for the third world countries.   China’s rise is inevitable and will be successful, exactly because it represents a new world order, in which the third world countries, who are the overwhelming majority of this world, will rise with China’s success to control their own destiny and their own future.  


(Opinions of the writer in this blog don't represent those of China Daily.)

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Reply Report voice_cd 2015-4-1 10:11
Thanks for sharing your opinion here. We have highlighted your blog.
Reply Report SEARU 2015-4-1 10:27
China offers economic aids to other countries that have nothing to do with military affairs!
Reply Report ColinSpeakman 2015-4-2 12:44
I give this Ray because we rarely see four statements (let alone five) of different kinds on a blog post! Quite pretty I think!  
Reply Report seanboyce88 2015-4-2 15:37
"Western politicians are making a concerted effort to label China’s development efforts in Africa as neocolonialism.  China did not cause a decline of native population in Africa as the western colonialist did"

They call it neocolonialism for a reason. Neo means new. it's new, modern colonialism. That is their point. Just a point, as a professor at a college in the U.S. you should not be reconstructing the meaning of the words of the original author when he called it neocolonialism.

As for the article, I feel the rise of China will create just as much pain and misery in the world as the Americans. We can call this neo-pain. It won't be in the form of wars and bombings sure, but it will be in the form of economic poverty for the masses. China has merely embraced modernism in a big way and is going to make many of the same mistakes America made unless it can move away from a modernistic model into a post-modern model (or some other model, I like post-modernism personally so I will go with that.) We need to move away from seeing the world first in terms of economy and then people. Countries should be judged not on their gdp but the lives and quality of their people. A sense of community needs to be restored in a world of excessive individualism. Individualism has been shown to lead to materialism, a driving factor for a strong economy sure, but for our future it is only detrimental. China says it is socialist, collectivist, yet I see here reflected many of the same problems we have in the west in terms of loneliness, a lack of community, rampant materialism, silly military spending and complete apathy by masses of people. We cannot sustain the rapid rise and growth of developing, nor the sustained industry of developed countries if we plan on having a world in the next 100 years.

I wish Chinese academics, many of who I now deal with on a day to day basis, would put away the bias and love of their country and understand the true, worldwide repercussions China's growth is having. I am not only criticising only China, the west and others must also take action and soon. Every country needs to get involved. Rather than patting yourselves on the back now, look to the future.

This is not a competition about which country is better, but a race against time to make sure we even have countries to compare in the future.
Reply Report seanboyce88 2015-4-2 15:42
And I gave you a passing for the same reason colin did, to complete the statement collection  
Reply Report LaughinGor 2015-4-7 11:38
I couldn't agree more with the OP! :D
Reply Report JieXie 2015-9-27 11:10
Seanboyce on 2015-4-2 does, I think, raise an interesting critique of Professor Han's text. However, Seanboyce makes the same kind of ideologically "classless" (or de-classed, or "post"-class) argument as in Han's text when he (Seanboyce) calls for the perspective of his "post-modern model . . . or some other model" as opposed to a "modernism" or "modernistic" model of theorizing the world and China's "rise" within it. While Han certainly does not go into talking about "modernism" or "post-modernism," he does invoke similarly ambiguous slogans such as "a new world order," the "overwhelming majority of this world," the goal of the masses controlling their own "destiny" and "their own future," and so on. I think the problem in both Han's discussion as well as Seanboyce's critique is that neither of you have anything very clear and unambiguous to say about the question of CLASS in modernism, post-modernism or the new world of the future. In other words, neither of you address the problem of CAPITALISM and the worldwide mode of production founded on the exploitation of the worldwide working class, which is indeed, as Han at least suggests (and Seanboyce totally ignores), the overwhelming majority of the real people in the world. Until you begin to think through this CLASS question as the question of CAPITALISM, your talk about the future (as well as the present and the past) will remain vague and speculative.

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HanDongping

Professor of Warren Wilson College in the US.

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